- Meningism is resistance to neck flexion due to painful spasm of extensor muscles resulting from meningeal irritation
- subarachnoid hemorrhage
Other conditions that mimic meningism (also resist cervical rotation)
- cervical spondylosis
- after cervical fusion
- Parkinson’s disease
- raised intracranial pressure, esp if there is impending tonsillar herniation.
- acute dystonic reaction
- strychnine poisoning
References and Links
Journal Articles and Links
- Talley NJ, O’Connor S. Clinical Examination: A Systematic Guide to Physical Diagnosis. MacLennan and Petty. 3rd edition, 1998.