This edition contains 5 recommended reads. The R&R Editorial Team includes Jeremy Fried, Nudrat Rashid, Soren Rudolph, Justin Morgenstern and, of course, Chris Nickson. Find more R&R in the Fastlane reviews in the R&R Archive, read more about the R&R project or check out the full list of R&R contributors
This Edition’s R&R Hall of Famer
Sierink JC et al. Immediate total-body CT scanning versus conventional imaging and selective CT scanning in patients with severe trauma (REACT-2): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2016. PMID: 27371185
- Whole body CT is commonly performed in trauma patients in order to find all injuries. However, it’s unclear whether this benefits the patient. In this unblinded, multicenter randomized trial, there was no benefit to immediate whole body CT in severe trauma when compared to selective imaging. Total radiation dose and cost were only minimally lower in the selective imaging group but there are difficult to assess benefits as well (time to CT for all the other patients in your department, for instance). If there’s no benefit, there’s only room for harm. Time to stop reflexively pan-scanning.
- Recommended by Anand Swaminathan
- Read more: The case of the anatomic injury II; A case of central tendencies (EM Nerd) and Do we always need a whole body CT in trauma? (St. Emlyn’s)
The Best of the Rest
Grissa MH, et al. Acupuncture vs intravenous morphine in the management of acute pain in the ED. Am J Emerg Med 2016 PMID:27475042
- Time to page for a stat acupuncture consult in the ED? No. Just, no.
While the desire to avoid or minimize opioids is, for good reason, a hot topic in emergency medicine, this is one study that should never have been published. The authors compared the use of acupuncture to IV morphine in the relief of acute pain. They found that acupuncture significantly reduced the time to relief as well as a statistical (but not clinically relevant) reduction in patients’ pain score. Unfortunately, this study is so flawed that I find it surprising it was published. Some of the biggest issues include: lack of a flow diagram to describe subject allocation, dropout rates, and analysis; lack of blinding (sham acupuncture can be used to minimize placebo effect and determine actual efficacy); and, in the words of the authors “our population represents…predominantly young and healthy participants for whom acupuncture is a culturally accepted practice, which would augment any placebo effect.”
- Recommended by Jeremy Fried
- Read more: Dawn of the stat acupuncture consult (EM lit of note) and On the pointlessness of acupuncture in the emergency room… or anywhere else (Science-based Medicine)
Quirky, weird and wonderful
Ranji SR et al. Do opiates affect the clinical evaluation of patients with acute abdominal pain? JAMA 2006. PMID: 17032990
- Systematic review on whether opioid analgesia obscures our abdominal exam. The short answer is no. The more nuanced answer is that it can change specific elements of the exam but not in a way that impacts care meaningfully, so do not withhold pain medicine in order to “follow the exam.” This makes sense as doses of morphine used “back in the day” that obscured exams were the equivalent of 30-60mg.
- Recommended by Seth Trueger
Miotto R et al. Deep Patient: An Unsupervised Representation to Predict the Future of Patients from the Electronic Health Records. Sci Rep 2016. PMID:27185194
- Soon, the robots will use Big Data to prognosticate all the outcomes for your patients. Then, you wont have to worry about the medicine anymore, and you can focus on your patient satisfaction scores.
- Recommended by RPR
- Read more: Better living through better prediction (EM lit of note)
Jie KE, et al. Isolated fat pad sign in acute elbow injury: is it clinically relevant? European journal of emergency medicine 2016. PMID:26153882
- The importance of the isolated elbow fat pad might also be a myth!? This is a subset of a prospective observational trial, in which 587 adults with acute isolated elbow injuries all had x-rays done. This study looked at the 111 (19%) that had an isolated fat pad (anterior sail sign and/or posterior fat pad) but no other injuries seen on the x-ray. The standard practice for these patients was an elastic bandage and a sling, with orthopaedics follow-up in 1 week. (Where I work, children generally get a plaster splint, as we are concerned about occult supracondylar fractures.) At the 1 week follow up, there were no significant injuries identified, although they did not routinely get follow-up x-rays. Only 1 patients was transitioned to a cast because of ongoing pain. Unfortunately, they did lose 17% of the patients to follow-up at 1 week. They had long term follow up (phone calls 22 months later) on 90% of the patients, and there were no patients with persistent symptoms that prevented them from carrying out their daily activities.
- Recommended by Justin Morgentern
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|The list of contributors||The R&R ARCHIVE|
|R&R Hall of famer You simply MUST READ this!||R&R Hot stuff! Everyone’s going to be talking about this|
|R&R Landmark paper A paper that made a difference||R&R Game Changer? Might change your clinical practice|
|R&R Eureka! Revolutionary idea or concept||R&R Mona Lisa Brilliant writing or explanation|
|R&R Boffintastic High quality research||R&R Trash Must read, because it is so wrong!|
|R&R WTF! Weird, transcendent or funtabulous!|
That’s it for this week…
That should keep you busy for a week at least! Thanks to our wonderful group of editors and contributors Leave a comment below if you have any queries, suggestions, or comments about this week’s R&R in the FASTLANE or if you want to tell us what you think is worth reading.
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