This edition contains 6 recommended reads. The R&R Editorial Team includes Jeremy Fried, Nudrat Rashid, Soren Rudolph, Anand Swaminathan and, of course, Chris Nickson. Find more R&R in the Fastlane reviews in the R&R Archive, read more about the R&R project or check out the full list of R&R contributors
This Edition’s R&R Hall of Famer
Resuscitation, Critical Care
Marik P, Bellomo R. A rational approach to fluid therapy in sepsis. Br J Anaes 2015. PMID: 26507493
- In the wake of ProCESS, ARISE and PROMISE, the 3 trials that finally put ‘Early Goal Directed Therapy’ to bed, how should we manage the fluid state of patient’s with septic shock? This opinionated review by two of the biggest brains in the business, Marik and Bellomo, suggests a haemodynamically-guided, restricted fluid resuscitation strategy largely based on known physiology and what science currently offers us. ScvO2, CVP and lactate all get bashed (as expected). Assessment of fluid responsiveness and assessment of the risk-benefit of fluid boluses is emphasised, as is the role of early noradrenaline infusions. Saline gets dealt with harshly IMO, especially given the recent SPLIT trial’s finding that low volume saline administration in ‘all comer’ ICU patients appears safe. A great read – provocative and largely convincing (until the next big trial at least).
- Recommended by: Chris Nickson
The Best of the Rest
Peterson N et al. Size matters: how accurate is clinical estimation of traumatic wound size? Injury. 2014; 45(1): 232-6. PMID: 22592151
- Interestingly, male physicians overestimate wound size and female physicians underestimate. Wonder what Freud would have to say about it.
- Recommended by: Seth Trueger
Emergency Medicine, Cardiology
Aldous S et al. The incremental value of stress testing in patients with acute chest pain beyond serial cardiac troponin testing. Emerg Med J 2015. PMID: 26511125
- Thousands ruled-out, hundreds stress tested – and only a handful of true positives and just as many false positives.
- Recommended by: Ryan Radecki
- Read More: What Did We Find on Stress Testing? (EM Lit of Note)
Boutis K et al. The Diagnosis of Concussion in a Pediatric Emergency Department. J Pediatr 2015; 166(5):1214-20. PMID: 25919731
- This study from Canada looked at the ED diagnosis of concussion in a convenience sample of 495 kids within 2 weeks of head injury and found that compared to the Zurich criteria, ED physicians underdiagnosed concussion. ED physicians diagnosed concussion in 40.4% of the patients, while the Zurich criteria for concussion were fulfilled by 89.5%. Concussion was more likely to be diagnosed in kids >10 years old, those playing collision sports, those with an injury >1 day prior, or 3+ symptoms. This criteria, in this case defined by SCAT3 (not validated in all head trauma/cumbersome in ED), may represent another area of overdiagnosis as it’s not clear what impact this diagnosis has on patient oriented outcomes.
- Recommended by: Lauren Westafer
Urology, Emergency Medicine
Doluoglu OG et al. Can sexual intercourse be an alternative therapy for distal ureteral stones? A prospective, randomized, controlled study. Urology 2015; 86(1):19-24. PMID: 26142575
- Forget the tamsulosin. In this small study, sex 3 times/week doubled the rate of stone passage in comparison to tamsulosin or placebo (83.9% vs. 47.6% vs. 34.8%). The study brings up more methodologic issues that we can address (blinding? sham-sex arm? confirmation of sex? prohibiting intercourse/masturbation in other groups) but we’d all like to believe this to be true. Finally, some “busy” work we can send patients home with. PS: only men included in the study.
- Recommended by: Anand Swaminathan
Critical Care, Resuscitation, Toxicology
de Lange DW et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in the treatment of poisoned patients. Clin Toxicol 2013; 51: 385-393. PMID: 23697460
- Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) is used for refractory respiratory failure, while veno-arterial (VA) ECMO is used for refractory cardiopulmonary failure. Indications for VV ECMO have included severe ARDS and status asthmaticus, and VA ECMO has been used after massive MI and poisoning by cardiotoxic drugs. This article reviews techniques, indications, contraindications and complications of VV and VA ECMO. A literature review of ECMO in poisoned patients is also included.
- Recommended by: Meghan Spyres
The R&R iconoclastic sneak peek icon key
|The list of contributors||The R&R ARCHIVE|
|R&R Hall of famer You simply MUST READ this!||R&R Hot stuff! Everyone’s going to be talking about this|
|R&R Landmark paper A paper that made a difference||R&R Game Changer? Might change your clinical practice|
|R&R Eureka! Revolutionary idea or concept||R&R Mona Lisa Brilliant writing or explanation|
|R&R Boffintastic High quality research||R&R Trash Must read, because it is so wrong!|
|R&R WTF! Weird, transcendent or funtabulous!|
That’s it for this week…
That should keep you busy for a week at least! Thanks to our wonderful group of editors and contributors Leave a comment below if you have any queries, suggestions, or comments about this week’s R&R in the FASTLANE or if you want to tell us what you think is worth reading.