This edition contains 5 recommended reads. The R&R Editorial Team includes Jeremy Fried, Nudrat Rashid, Soren Rudolph, Anand Swaminathan and, of course, Chris Nickson. Find more R&R in the Fastlane reviews in the R&R Archive, read more about the R&R project or check out the full list of R&R contributors
This Edition’s R&R Hall of Famer
Landoni G et al. Mortality in Multicenter Critical Care Trials: An Analysis of Interventions With a Significant Effect. Crit Care Med 2015; 43(8):1559-68. PMID: 25821918
- Although completed in 2013, a really interesting ,thought provoking and not to mention practice changing article. Although there are some issues with samples sizes and efforts to blind interventions.This article has significant implications for clinicians translating evidence into practice.
- 7 decreasing mortality
- Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) for specific population with acute respiratory failure
- Mild hypothermia after cardiac arrest
- Prone positioning
- Low tidal volume ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Tranexamic acid in patients with or at high risk of traumatic hemorrhagic shock
- Daily interruption of sedatives in critically ill patients
- Albumin administration in cirrhotic patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
- And 8 shown to increase mortality including hydroxyethyl starch in septic shock, IV salbutamol in ARDS, Supranormal systemic oxygen delivery and intensive insulin therapy.
- Recommended by: Sa’ad Lahri
The Best of the Rest
- Therapeutic hypothermia in children did not confer a statistically significant magnitude of benefit, but it would be erroneous to offer this as proof of lack of efficacy.
- Recommended by: Ryan Radecki
- Read More: Chillin’ Children After OHCA (EM Lit of Note)
PediatricsMohanta MP. Growing pains: practitioners’ dilemma. Indian Pediatr 2014; 51(5):379-83. PMID: 24953579
- Be careful with the child how has leg pain. Is it simply “growing pains?” This is a nice article describing the dilemma we face when jumping on that diagnosis.
- Recommended by: Sean Fox
- Read More: Growing Pains (Pediatric EM Morsels)
Emergency Medicine, TraumaJull AB et al. Honey as a topical treatment for wounds. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 3. PMID: 25742878
- Honey has being used in the treatment of burns and lacerations for centuries. The authors performed a systematic review of randomized and semi-randomized studies using honey for the treatment of burns vs. other conventional strategies such as colloid dressings. Eleven studies including 3011 patients were analyzed. It appears that there is high-quality evidence indicating that honey is better than dressing and low-quality evidence to support that is better than silver-based products (SBP). Also there is less risk of adverse outcomes using honey than SBP. Sounds like a sweet thing to prescribe!
- Recommended by: Daniel Cabrera
Pre-Hospital, Resuscitation Ringh M et al. Mobile-Phone Dispatch of Laypersons for CPR in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. NEJM 2015; 372: 2316-25. PMID: 26061836
- Mobile phones are ubiquitous so why not use them to contact nearby CPR trained lay people to respond to patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest? This Sweedish study investigates the use of this simple technology and found that it significantly increased the number of patients who received CPR out-of-hospital from 48% to 62%. These are exactly the type of interventions we should be focused on in OHCA.
- Recommended by: Anand Swaminathan
The R&R iconoclastic sneak peek icon key
|The list of contributors||The R&R ARCHIVE|
|R&R Hall of famer You simply MUST READ this!||R&R Hot stuff! Everyone’s going to be talking about this|
|R&R Landmark paper A paper that made a difference||R&R Game Changer? Might change your clinical practice|
|R&R Eureka! Revolutionary idea or concept||R&R Mona Lisa Brilliant writing or explanation|
|R&R Boffintastic High quality research||R&R Trash Must read, because it is so wrong!|
|R&R WTF! Weird, transcendent or funtabulous!|
That’s it for this week…