The principles of anaesthetic administration and use of an aseptic technique are similar for all joints, but the anatomical landmarks for the site of injection will vary. Common joints requiring fluid aspiration and/or steroid injection include the shoulder, elbow and knee joints.
- Shoulder (glenohumeral joint)
- Elbow joint
- Knee joint
Arthrocentesis Reference Links
- Unexplained joint effusion to differentiate a septic from an inflammatory or bloody mono-arthritis.
- Remove joint fluid for cytology, microbiology and biochemical testing.
- Remove excess fluid or blood from joint to provide symptomatic relief, increase mobility and decrease pain in large effusions, crystal-induced arthropathy or haemarthrosis.
- Intra-articular steroid injections
- Local skin cellulitis/infection
- Acute fracture
- Joint prosthesis
- Uncontrolled bleeding diathesis
- Anatomically inaccessible joints
- Uncooperative patient.