The relationship of urea and creatine is dependent on serum laboratory units used to determine the cause of acute kidney injury.
- In the US the urea is expressed as BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) in mg/dL. Elsewhere Urea (U) is expressed as mmol/L
- Similarly Creatinine (Cr) is expressed as mg/dL in the US and µmol/L elsewhere
Therefore two ratio’s exist to compare serum Urea and Creatinine levels
- BUN : Cr ratio with US units of mg/dL : mg/dL
- Urea: Cr ratio ith SI Units of mmol/L: µmol/L (providing Urea is >10mmol/L)
- Cr: Urea ratio with SI Units of µmol/L: mmol/L (providing Urea is >10mmol/L)
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- Urashima M, Toyoda S, Nakano T, Matsuda S, Kobayashi N, Kitajima H, Tokushige A, Horita H, Akatsuka J, Maekawa K. BUN/Cr ratio as an index of gastrointestinal bleeding mass in children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr1992 Jul;15(1):89-92. PMID 1403455.
- Feinfeld DA, Bargouthi H, Niaz Q, Carvounis CP. Massive and disproportionate elevation of blood urea nitrogen in acute azotemia. Int Urol Nephrol. 2002;34(1):143-5. PMID 12549657