Just when you thought your brain could unwind on a Friday, you realise that it would rather be challenged with some good old fashioned medical trivia FFFF…introducing Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 238.
- Diphtheria caused by the exotoxin of Corynebacterium diptheriae.
- An epidemic swept through the former Soviet states due to a number of factors: decreased immunisation rates and the breakdown of public health; waning immunity in adults who were vaccinated as children; poor socioeconomic conditions; population movements; and the resurgence of more toxic strains. [Reference]
- Korynee = club (refers to the organism’s shape), diptherite = greek for leather (refers to the greyish membrane that is usually present – classically in the pharynx).
- René Le Fort (1869 – 1951) was a French surgeon employed a number of different wounding agents which included a wooden club, a kick, a metal shaft and projecting the head against the corner of a marble table to develop the Le Fort classification of facial fractures.
- Contrary to popular belief there were no cannon balls, mine shafts or bricks used.
- The breakdown of his detailed 35 experiments in 1900 are as follows:
- A genuine mental condition whereby people feel compelled to continually post pictures of themselves on social media.
- Originally a hoax, the term was first coined in 2014 as a spoof news story. Following on from this, researchers at Nottingham Trent University and Thiagarajar School of Management in India discovered it to be a true phenomenon.
- What is your level of selfitis?
- Borderline – Taking photos of one’s self at least three times a day but not posting them on social media.
- Acute – Taking photos of one’s self at least three times a day and posting each one on social media
- Chronic – Uncontrollable urge to take photos of one’s self round the clock and posting the photos on social media more than six times a day. [Reference]
- The daytime.
- According to an observation study on burns patients, those who sustained the injury during the day healed faster (17 days versus 28 days if it was sustained at night).
- Their theory postulates, the cellular clock modulates the efficiency of actin-dependent processes such as cell migration and adhesion, which ultimately affect the efficacy of wound healing. [Reference]
- On a similar theme, another research team found less adverse affects when heart surgery was performed in the afternoon versus the morning (28 out of 298 vs 54 out of 298). [Reference]
- Glue that sticks on wet surfaces.
- The university’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering turned to the “Dusky Arion” slug, which creates sticky mucus as a defence against predators.
- The incredible stickiness comes from the trinity of the attraction between the positively charged glue and negatively charged cells in the body; covalent bonds between atoms in the cell surface and the glue, and the way the glue physically penetrates tissue surfaces. [Reference]
- A team in Harvard University have used it to glue a hole in a pigs heart successfully.