- Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis – a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system to the Aspergillus. It occurs most often in patients with asthma or cystic fibrosis.
- Aspergilloma, a “fungus ball” that can form within cavities such as the lung.
- Invasive aspergillosis – spreads throughout the body.
- Extrinsic allergic alveolitis (malt workers lung) – from mouldy barley leading to a Type III hypersensitivity and type IV hypersensitivity.
- Primary ciliary dyskinesia (or Kartagener syndrome).
- It is a rare, ciliopathic, autosomal recessive disorder that causes defects in the action of cilia lining the respiratory tract (lower and upper, sinuses, Eustachian tube, middle ear), fallopian tube and flagella of the sperm cell.
- Siewert first described the classic triad of situs inversus, chronic sinusitis and bronchiectasis in 1904. However, Manes Kartagener first recognized this clinical triad as a distinct congenital syndrome in 1933. Because Kartagener described this syndrome in detail, it bears his name. [Reference]
- Prometheus was chained to a mountain and every eagle would visit him and eat his liver as punishment from the Olympian Gods for having given fire to humankind. Everyday his liver would grow back.
- What has this got to do with cirrhosis? There are many causes (many eagles), the liver has considerable powers of regeneration (it grows back), and it is often traced back to something that in retrospect really wasn’t a very good idea – such as excessive alcohol consumption, IV drug abuse or sex (giving fire to humankind)… Credit: Tim Koelmeyer
- Argyll Robertson was consulted by a patient who lived in ‘Old Calabar’ about the ‘Calabar swellings’ that affected her eyes.
- He extracted filiarial Loa loa worms from these lumps and was thus one of the first to describe ocular loasis. [Reference]