- There was a great deal of fear that the Germans would use chlorine or mustard gas (technically not a gas, it’s a liquid at room temperature and needed to be aerosolised by mortars).
- The first gas attacks took place in 1915 and to neutralise the chlorine soldiers soaked their socks in urine and wrapped them around their faces. Not the best option for World War Two so 38 million gas masks were distributed country wide.
- It is also rumoured that Hitler had a broader “Kaiser-style” moustache but trimmed it down to fit inside his gas mask. [Reference]
- It wasn’t for the iron.
- “Spinach is full of vitamin A an’ tha’s who makes hoomans so strong an’ helty” according to Popeye in 1932. [Reference]
- 100 grams contains 187% of your recommended daily allowance of vitamin A. It also contains iron but no more than other green vegetables.
- The 1980 live-action Popeye movie was filmed in Malta and is still a top tourist attraction, you can even get married there.
How did Pavlov get dogs to salivate?
- Not by ringing a bell.
- He mainly used a metronome to develop his theory of “conditioning”. [Reference]
What is itai-itai disease?
- Itai-itai is Japanese for ‘ouch-ouch’.
- The disease was first described in Japan in the 1940s as a painful and debilitating skeletal disorder characterised by a waddling gait resulting from multiple fractures, anaemia and renal failure.
- It predominantly affected post-menopausal women, and is thought to have resulted from chronic cadmium poisoning in the context of estrogen deficiency and poor nutritional status. The original victims were exposed to environmental cadmium from the local mining industry. [Reference]
Where is Bornholm island and what has it got to do with the Devil?
- Denmark – Bornholm disease is a condition caused by Coxsackie B virus and colloquially known as Devil’s grip.
- It causes sudden unilateral chest or abdominal pain in children or adults. Attacks can appear ‘out of the blue’ and the slightest movement of the rib cage causes a sharp increase of pain, which makes it very difficult to breathe.
- In 1872, Daae-Finsen reported an epidemic of “acute muscular rheumatism” occurring in a community called Bamble, giving rise to the name “Bamble disease” in Norway.
- In 1933, Ejnar Sylvest gave a doctoral thesis describing a Danish outbreak of this disease on Bornholm Island entitled, “Bornholm disease-myalgia epidemica”, and this name has persisted
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