- In Greek lore, Zeus sent two eagles across the world to meet at its centre, the “navel” of the world.
- There are also a number of omphalos stones, one of the most famous being the Delphi omphalos in the adyton (sacred part of the temple) near the Pythia (oracle). The stone sculpture itself (which may be a copy), has a carving of a knotted net covering its surface, and a hollow centre, widening towards the base. The omphalos represents the stone which Rhea wrapped in swaddling clothes, pretending it was Zeus, in order to deceive Cronus. (Cronus was the father who swallowed his children so as to prevent them from usurping him as he had deposed his own father, Uranus). [Reference]
- Cholera and arsenic
- Technically in arsenic is gets the added description of “bloody watery stool” which can occur in an acute exposure/ingestion or if the exposure is chronic intermittent episodes can occur. [Reference]
- Questionably the most famous case of arsenic poisoning (excluding Napoleon’s loose association with arsenic) is the famous New Zealand-bred racehorse Phar Lap died suddenly in 1932. Poisoning was considered as a cause of death and several forensic examinations were completed at the time of death. In a recent examination, 75 years after his death, forensic scientists determined that the horse had ingested a massive dose of arsenic shortly before his death. [Reference]
- Stephen Hales in 1733 was the first person to directly measure arterial blood pressure at the femoral and carotid using a 9′ long glass tube and a flexible connector (in his case, the trachea of a goose) and measured the height to which the column of blood rose.
- Hales also described the effects of hemorrhage and hemorrhagic shock by progressive exsanguination of animals and accompanying measurement of blood pressure. In a horse he observed that as death approached “the Mare fell into cold and clammy sweats.” [Reference]
- Well its not as obvious as it first seems.
- The vascular system was once thought to contain air (presumably due to the lack of blood flow after death) and therefore it was thought that we had a system of air ducts. The trachea became labelled as the trachea arteria (medieval latin translation to “rough artery” due to the cartilaginous rings) and then the windpipe. [Reference]
- In February 1495, King Charles VIII of France, with his army of 50,000 mostly Spanish mercenary soldiers, invaded and took Naples from King Alphonso II. King Charles’ aim was to use Naples as a base from which to launch a campaign to the Crusades.
- While celebrating in the aftermath, an epidemic of a frightening new and terrible disease broke out in the soldiers and the people of Naples – syphilis, Grande verole, or the ‘Great pox’, later becoming known as the ‘French pox’.
- The prevailing hypothesis up to early last century was that Colombus brought the disease with him when he returned to Spain from the New World in 1492 and it had spread to Spanish soldiers and then to the French.