- The Hyman otor is the first example of a defibrillation device.
- Electrodes with introduced into the stopped heart percutaneously.
- In a way, it was truly ground breaking in that it was, in a sense, also implantable. Disappointingly, it is unclear whether it actually worked. [Reference]
- Polydactyly syndrome middle ray duplication
- A malformation involving an extra digit as well as an extra hand bone that leads to the extra digit [Reference]
- Addisons’s Disease.
- The rare chronic endocrine disorder whereby the adrenal glands fail to produce steroid. Typically the patient will present with non-specific symptoms, orthostatic hypotension, increased pigmentation and may have other autoimmune diseases.
What possible neurological diagnosis did this Roman suffer from?
- 7th nerve palsy
- Those of you that are observant would have noted the weakness of the right levator anguli oris, zygomaticum, orbicularis oculi and frontalis. The weakness of both the lower and upper facial nerve indicates a peripheral lesion rather than a pathology at the pons.
- The most popularised theory is Bell’s Palsy which accounts for 65-70% of unilateral nerve palsies today (not sure what the prevelance in Roman times). This condition was initially noted in patients with suppurative ear pathology and likely transitioned to infection in the parotid gland.
- More commonly today it is due to the herpes simplex virus. However, the longstanding atrophy seen in this sculpture raises the possibility of another diagnose. On the right side of the head, above the level of the ear there is a scar. So did he have a trauma fracturing his temporal bone causing permenant injury to the facial nerve? Im sure the romans were no stranger to the odd brawl.
- Frank Sign
- A crease running diagonally across the earlobe extending from the tragus across the lobule to the rear edge of the auricle
- Sanders T. Frank M.D first described this sign in 1973 demonstrating significant association with carotid intima-media thickness coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease.
- Sir Geroge Savile was an 18th century political figure and 8 months prior to his death while speaking to the house he found himself too weak to speak and had to sit down. The sudden weakness, Franks sign and subsequent demise over 8 months in a relatively health man gives us some clues to his death. The differentials include uncontrolled angina and ischaemic stroke.
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