- The Galeazzi fracture is named after him.
- Following review of >12,000 congenital hip dislocations, developed the Galeazzi Test to improve early detection.
- World pioneer for occupational treatment and rehabilitation centers.
- Distinguished surgeon and academic with nearly 150 publications.
- Born in Turin, Italy on 17th August 1866
- 1886 – Commenced studies at Turin Medical School
- 1890 – Graduated medical school with honors
- 1899 – Qualified as lecturer in Clinical Medicine and Surgical Operations
- 1903 – Appointed Director of the Pius Institute for Crippled Children (Instituto dei Rachitici)
- 1906 – Commenced teaching at the Orthopaedic Institute at the University of Milan
- 1908 – Became Professor of Clinical Orthopaedics and Traumatology
- 1911 – Directed Archivio di Orthopedia for 35 years, the oldest journal devoted to orthopedics
- 1929 – Founding member of the International Society for Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT)
- 1934 – Published article describing fractures of the radial shaft with dislocation of the DRUJ
- 1948 – Published ‘The pathogenesis and treatment of scoliosis’
- 1952 – Died in Milan
- 1961 – Orthopaedic institute renamed Instituto Ortopedico Galeazzi
Key Medical Attributions:
- 1911 – Opened occupational treatment and rehabilitation clinic in Milan, thought to be first of its kind.
- 1929 – Correction of scoliosis by manipulation and splinting.
- 1934 – Described radial shaft fracture with associated DRUJ dislocation and published his experience of 18 cases.
- First surgical treatment of recurrent dislocation of patella.
- Developed the Galeazzi Test which identifies congenital hip dislocation – the test is also widely used in adult orthopedics to assess for leg length discrepancy.
- 1929 – Galeazzi R. The treatment of scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg. 1929;11:81–86.
- 1934 – Galeazzi R. Di una particolare sindrome traumatica dello scheletro dell’ avambraccio. Atti e memorie della Società lombarda di chirurgia. (Of a particular traumatic syndrome of the forearm’s skeleton. Acts and memories of the Lombard society of Surgery). 1934;2:663–666.
- 1935 – Galeazzi R. Uber ein besonderes Syndrom bei Verletzungen im Bereich der Unterarmknochen. Archiv fur orthopadische und Unfall Chirurgie 1935;35:557–562.
- Fracture pattern actually first described by Sir Astley Cooper in 1822 and published in 1824 some 110 years prior to Galeazzi’s publication.
LITFL related links
- Sebastin SJ, Chung KC. A historical report on Riccardo Galeazzi and the management of Galeazzi fractures. J Hand Surg Am. 2010 Nov;35(11):1870–1877. [PMC 4411960]
- Scaglietti, SJ. Riccardo Galeazzi, 1866-1952. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1953 Nov;35-B(4):679-80. [Full Text PDF] [PMID: 13108934]
- Cooper A. Simple fracture of the radius and dislocation of the ulna. In: Cooper A, editor. A treatise on dislocations, and on fractures of the joints. London: Longman; 1825. pp. 470–476 [Full Archive Text]
- De Vecchi P. Modern Italian Surgery and Old Universities of Italy. Scientific Institutes of Learning in Milan. 1921. pp. 154–162. [Full Text Archive]