- Eponymously associated with Barton’s fracture
- Performed first hip arthroplasty in 1826 at the Pennsylania Hospital, Philadelphia
- Considered to be one of the pioneers of modern osteotomies. Recorded as He performing an intertrochanteric osteotomy without anesthesia in only seven minutes.
- Talented ambidextrous surgeon
- His widow endowed the first surgical chair in the United States, the John Rhea Barton Professor of Surgery of the University of Pennsylvania
- Born April 1794, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
- 1818 – Completed medical training at Pennsylvania Hospital
- 1820 – Surgeon at Philadelphia Almshouse
- 1823 – Surgeon at Pennsylvania Hospital
- 1826 – First osteotomy on an ankylosed hip
- Died January 1, 1871, Philadelphia
Key Medical Attributions:
- Barton is best known as the originator of the corrective osteotomy for joint ankylosis.
- 1827 – Performed a femoral osteotomy between the greater and lesser trochanters to secure motion in an ankylosed hip. This has been called the first successful arthroplasty.
- Barton, JR. Views and treatment of an important injury of the wrist. Medical Examiner. 1838;1:365–368.
- Barton, JR. On the treatment of ankylosis by the formation of artificial joints. North Amer Med and Surg Jour. 1827;3(279):400. – Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007 Mar;456:9-14. [PMID 17496747]
- In the original description, Barton discussed the posterior marginal fracture only.
- Hayes Agnew D. Biographical sketch of Dr John Rhea Barton Delivered at the Academy of Music at the annual commencement of the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania, 1878
- Jupiter JB, Fernandez DL. Comparative classification for fractures of the distal end of the radius. J Hand Surg Am. 1997 Jul;22(4):563-71. [PMID 9260608]
- Di Matteo B. John Rhea Barton: the birth of osteotomy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013 Sep;21(9):1957-62. doi: 10.1007/s00167-013-2387-1. Epub 2013 Jan 19. [PMID 23334626]
- Hernigou P. Earliest times before hip arthroplasty: from John Rhea Barton to Themistocles Glück. Int Orthop. 2013 Nov; 37(11): 2313–2318.. [PMC 3824904]
LITFL Related Links
- Biographical Medical Eponyms – A-Z of eponymous medical pioneers
- Eponymictionary – Searchable Eponymictionary Database
- Medical Eponyms – A-Z of signs, syndromes, diseases and classifications
- Orthopaedic Eponyms – Eponymous orthopedic fractures and classifications
- Cardiac Eponyms – Eponymous cardiology collection