- Founder of a great number of surgical procedures including – removal of the rectum (Lisfranc method for treating rectal cancer), lithotomy in women; amputation of the cervix uteri and fracture management.
- Lisfranc fracture is eponymously affiliated with Lisfranc who described an amputation method through the tarsometatarsal joints as a surgeon in Napoleon’s army
“Lisfranc’s description of amputation through the tarsal-metatarsal joints requires several pages to describe it, but it took only 1 minute for him to perform it — not too short a time for the unanesthetized patient” – Cassebaum WH
- Born April 2, 1790, St. Paul, Loire
- 1813 – Medical doctorate in Paris under Guillaume Dupuytren
- 1826 – Chief surgeon at L’Hôpital de la Pitié in Paris
- Died May 13, 1847
- Lisfranc injury – fracture and dislocation/subluxation of the tarsometatarsal joints with lateral displacement of the metatarsals
- Lisfranc’s tubercle – scalene tubercle on the first rib at the insertion of the scalenus anterior muscle (1815)
- Lisfranc Amputation – partial amputation of the foot at the tarsometatarsal joint. Famously performed in less than a minute.
- Lisfranc joint – the tarsometatarsal joint
- Lisfranc ligament – connects the superolateral surface of the medial cuneiform to the superomedial surface of the base of the second metatarsal
- Lisfranc J. Nouvelle methode operatoire pour l’amputation partielle du pied dans son articulation tarso-metatarsienne: methode precedee des nombreuses modifications qu’a subies celle de Chopart Paris, France: Gabon, 1815.
- Lisfranc J. Mémoire sur de nouvelles applications du stéthoscope de M. le professeur Laënnec. Gabon (Paris), 1823. [Full Text]
- Lisfranc J. Memoire sur de nouvelles applications du stéthoscope de M. le professeur Laennec : suivi d’un mémoir sur une nouvelle méthode de pratiquer la taille chez la femme …; et d’un mémoir sur un nouveau procédé pour l’amputation dans les articulations des phalanges [Full Text]
- Like Chopart (with the midtarsal joint), Lisfranc had his procedure of forefoot amputation and therefore the joint affected, and attributed fracture-dislcoation injury eponymously attributed to him.
- Lisfranc, known for his booming voice and choleric lectures, referred to his teacher and colleague Baron Guillaume Dupuytren as “the brigand of l’Hotel Dieu.”
- Excellent surgeon, but equally as polemic as Dupuytren and not a nice chap by all accounts…
- Christie J, Clowes CB, Lamb DW. Amputations through the middle part of the foot. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1980 Nov;62-B(4):473-4. [PMID 7430227] [PDF]
- Cassebaum WH. Lisfranc fracture-dislocations. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1963;30:116-29.[PMID 5888997]
- Hunter TB, Peltier LF, Lund PJ. Radiologic history exhibit. Musculoskeletal eponyms: who are those guys? RadioGraphics 2000; 20: 819-36. [Full Text]
- Revista Trauma. Epónimos. Trauma Fundación Mapfre Vol. 24 (2013), No. 1 [Full Text]
LITFL Related Links
- Biographical Medical Eponyms – A-Z of eponymous medical pioneers
- Eponymictionary – Searchable Eponymictionary Database
- Medical Eponyms – A-Z of signs, syndromes, diseases and classifications
- Orthopaedic Eponyms – Eponymous orthopedic fractures and classifications
- Cardiac Eponyms – Eponymous cardiology collection