- Affective dispositions to Respond (ADRs) (aka emotional biases)
The full range of affect (or affective) conditions) that may influence decision making, including endogenous affective disorders, emotional dysregulation, countertransferance, fundamental attribution error and ambient/ chronobiological effects.
SOURCES OF ADRs
- Specific affective biases in decision making
e.g. chagrin factor, outcome bias, value bias, status quo bias.
- Ambient, chronological and other factors
- Endogenous affective disorders affecting the physician
e.g. depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, manic disorders
- Emotional dysregulation in physicians
- Unconscious defenses, avoidance, anxiety
- Excessive emotional involvement or detachment
References and Links
- All Doctors are Jackasses (2013)
Journal articles and textbooks
- Croskerry P, Cosby KS, Schenkel SM, Wears RL. Patient Safety in Emergency Medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009. [Google books preview]
- Croskerry P. Diagnostic Failure: A Cognitive and Affective Approach. In: Henriksen K, Battles JB, Marks ES, Lewin DI, editors. Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation (Volume 2: Concepts and Methodology). Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2005 Feb. PubMed PMID: 21249816. [Free Full Text]