Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 024

Yay…it’s Friday.
Time to challenge that cerebral cortex and put on those ‘mental’ dancing shoes as we trip the light fantastic of medical trivia, and lift the latch on the cage of the tiger of tease…the Funtabulously, Frivolous Friday Five…

Question 1

  • What disease was the original Roman “angina?”

  • Diphtheria
  • Diphtheria was described as a sore throat ending in death in Talmudic medical terminology

…the so-called sirvanke that ends up in choking and obstruction of the airways. Most probably derived from the Greek syanache, an equivalent of the Latin angina designating a special kind of tonsillitis Reference

  • See also Art. XVI.— Remarks on diphtheria, chiefly with reference to its contagious, epidemic, and fatal character; and to its supposed connexion with the cattle plague, and with a certain state of the weather; founded on the details of several recent cases (Reference)

Question 2

  • According to Köllner, what Split Enz song is a patient recovering from optic neuritis most likely to sing?

  • “I see Red, I see Red, I see Red”
  • Controversy still reigns over the use of Köllner’s Rule to define dyschromatopsia in optic neuritis [reference]
  • However, in general it holds true that that red/green dyschromatopsia indicates optic nerve or posterior visual pathway disease and blue/yellow or blue dyschromatopsia indicates retinal disease (Köllner 1912)
  • There are a number of conditions that contradict it particularly glaucoma, autosomal dominant optic atrophy, chronic papilloedema, and even acute demyelinating optic neuropathy [reference]

Optic Neuritis

Optic Neuritis

Question 3

  • Who said,

“They know nothing of Natural Philosophy, these pin-heads.

Drunkards, sloths, their bellies filled with Mead and Ale. O that I might see them pimped!”?

  • William Harvey (1578 – 1657)
  • William Harvey developed an accurate theory of how the heart and circulatory system operated. He published his theories in 1628 in his famous book “De Motu Cordis - On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals,” which made him notorious throughout Europe.
William Harvey - Circulation

William Harvey - Circulation

Question 4

  • Who invented surgical gloves and why?

  • William Stewart Halsted (1852-1922)
  • The invention of the surgical rubber glove is allegedly attributred to his concern about the delicated hands of his scrub nurse – who he later married.
  • Halsted first described the use of in “The treatment of wounds with especial reference to the value of the blood clot in the management of dead spaces” published in  (The Johns Hopkins Hospital Reports 2: 255–314 1890-1891)
  • Halsted was a very influential American surgeon who emphasized hygiene, was an early champion of newly discovered anesthetics, and introduced several new surgical procedures. Throughout his professional life, he was addicted to cocaine and later also to morphine

William Stewart Halsted Yale College class of 1874

Question 5

  • Whilst sitting Board and Fellowship examinations, why would it be a handicap to be dyscolic and afflicted with scrivener’s palsy?

  • Scrivener’s palsy: Otherwise known as writers cramp, a neurological condition caused by frequent handwriting.
  • Dyscolic: The inability to endure pain

…and remember kids…you choose how you want to see the world

[source: Abstruse Goose][h/t movin' meat]

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