Dyslexia in medical and graduate education

#FOAMed principles are being employed to deliver lifelong learning and enhance community awareness of dyslexia using social media platforms to design, deliver and share medical education resources. Following a webinar for dyslexia in medical and graduate education hosted by Dyslexic Advantage, attendee Dr Chris Ford decided to start a website and medical community designed specifically to assist dyslexic medical professionals.

I discovered my dyslexia during my third year of medical education. In doing so, I searched for resources to help facilitate learning, and came up with nothing. This was the impetus for creating a database of information for other students and lifelong learners such as myself. By using medical videos, podcasts , and techniques I saw a vast improvement in my grades as well as STEP examinations.

—Dyslexia reflects broad-based differences in brain wiring. There are —challenges in reading, writing, spelling and grammar as well as —problems with attention,  and working memory.

Dyslexic individuals may have difficulty identifying certain symbols within patterns and sentences. —These learners suffer “Visual Attention Deficit” (inability to concentrate on specific letters or words within lines of text) or “Visual Crowding” (inability to recognize letters when they are scattered within the word). —By reading short lines of text on an e-reader, research suggests dyslexics are able to resolve these issues by reducing visual distraction within the text.

The FOAM resources being produced globally provide positive alternative learning strategies for learners with dyslexia as they overcome difficulties with sequencing and procedural learning. Potentially FOAM is assisting in education provision through the 140 character Tweets with short bursts of didactic learning; through vodcasts, podcasts and through procedural videos.

Great work World


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  1. says

    In reference to the e-reader information.As someone who’s niche is visual dyslexia and has produced universal visual dyslexia glasses that remove described visual problems that make reading difficult I suggest See Right Dyslexia Glasses available at dyslexiaglasses.com are a better solution.

    It’s unfortunate that visual dyslexics are commonly grouped with dyslexics as it gives the appearance that dyslexia has a visual component . I prefer to consider visual dyslexia and dyslexia separately as they have different causes / mechanisms that require different interventions.

    While both have slow ,inaccurate reading with poor fluency and comprehension in common, visual dyslexics normally have those problems removed when their visual problems are removed and can read normally. Dyslexics have a much longer row to hoe even with intervention .

    As indicated in the article some dyslexics have some benefit with the e-readers. I have been using the idea for years that increased fluency with increased text size is an indication of visual dyslexia . Dyslexics with their language processing problems not being visual normally don’t see any improvement as their problems aren’t visual.

    My marketing is aimed at people who can describe visual problems that make reading difficult as the See Right Dyslexia Glasses are effective at removing described visual problems. I take that approach because it has predicting value. People who have reading difficulties and can describe visual problems as causal will benefit when the glasses remove the described problems. It also make the definition of success easier as people who can describe their visual problems know whether or not the problems are present. I consider removing the described visual problems as success.

    Visual dyslexia exists on a spectrum. Many visual dyslexics do not have any problems with the print size in first and second grade and only have problems when the print size is reduced around the third grade. Large print books and e-readers can be beneficial for some moderate visual dyslexics . Removing the visual problems with See Right Dyslexia Glasses allows reading normal size print which in my opinion is a more convenient answer.

    More information about visual dyslexia can be found at dyslexiaglasses.com .

    As this is a medically knowledgeable blog I will give the mechanism why See Right Dyslexia Glasses work. Visual dyslexia problems are the result of sensitivity to the visual noise from auto-fluorescent proteins in the eyes. Non-visual dyslexics manage to compensate and cope with the visual noise . In visual dyslexics the noise results in the visual problems that some associate with visual attention deficit. You can’t do much to change the sensitivity to the visual noise but by filtering out the wavelengths associated with the auto-fluorescent proteins the noise is eliminated and so are the visual problems.

    If you consider a photon as data from an image being absorbed by the autofluoresent protein and effectively lost and then redirected to another location where it becomes noise and overwrites data at that location you can imagine the process. As there are a group of autofluorescent proteins each associated with a specific wavelength , a multi-wavelength filter made to absorb all of those specific wavelengths eliminates the noise for all visual dyslexics.

    There are theories about why visual dyslexics are sensitive to and have problems with light. That’s not my field. Some people use personal evaluations to determine which specific wavelengths are bothersome for the individual( which often fail because of the difficulty identifying multiple wavelengths when present ). I personally take the sledge hammer approach of filtering out all possible noise causing wavelengths at the same time as that eliminates the need for a personal evaluation and is more effective regardless of which or how many autofluorescent proteins are present.