Critical Care Compendium

Reviewed and revised 09 August 2014

LITFL’s Critical Care Compendium is a comprehensive collection of pages concisely covering the core topics and controversies of critical care.

Currently there are over 1,500 entries with more in the works, and all the pages are being constantly revised and improved. Links to new references and online resources are added daily, with an emphasis on those that are free and open access (FOAM websites and free-to-access journal articles).

The CCC was created, and is maintained, by Chris Nickson and originated from the FCICM exam study notes created by Jeremy Fernando in 2011. All of these pages have been updated, modified and added to since by a number of contributors (see below). As such will be particularly useful to those studying for the CICM Fellowship exam (though there are topics outside the scope of the exam as well). Increasingly, entries relevant to the FACEM exam are also being added.

We have defined “critical care medicine” as the triad of 1) resuscitation, 2) emergency care for life-threatening conditions, and 3) intensive care; including all components of the emergency and critical care medicine delivery system, prehospital and hospital.”
— Peter Safar, 1974

NOTE: Pages are continually added under these topic headings, to find a current list of pages for each topic just search for the topic heading in the searchable index table.

Topics covered are:

Searchable Index Table

SpecialtyTopicLITFL LINK
ICURespiratoryA-a Gradient versus PaO2-FiO2 ratio
ICUVentilationA-a gradient, alveolar, arterial, oxygen, oxygenation
ICUHot casesAAA repair hot case, abdominal aortic aneurysm
EM, ICUVascularAbdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
ICUGeneral surgeryAbdominal compartment syndrome
ICUTraumaAbdominal CT vs DPL
ICUTraumaAbdominal trauma
ICUInvestigations, UltrasoundAbdominal ultrasound
ICUInvestigationsAbdominal X-ray and CT, AXR
ICUAcid-BaseABG changes in Cardiac Arrest and CPR
ICUGastroenterologyAbnormal LFTs post-vascular surgery
ICUGastroenterologyDiarrhoea
ICUSurgery, Upper GIAcalculous cholecystitis
ICUAcid-BaseAcid-Base Interpretation
ICUPharmacologyactivated charcoal
ICUPharmacologyActivated protein C, drotrecogin alpha
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryAcute aortic dissection
ICU, EMHaematology, HematologyAcute Coagulopathy of Trauma, trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC), traumatic
ICUNeurologyacute confusion in a diabetic
ICUCardiologyAcute Coronary Syndromes Literature Summaries
ICUCardiologyAcute Coronary Syndromes
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyacute fatty liver of pregnancy
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransplantAcute Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)
ICUNeurologyacute ischemic stroke
ICURenalAcute kidney injury
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundAcute Myocardial infarction echocardiography
ICUNeurologyacute non-traumatic weakness
ICUToxicologyAcute paracetamol toxicity
ICURespiratoryAcute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Definitions
ICURespiratory, VentilationAcute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Literature Summaries
ICURespiratoryAcute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyacute respiratory failure
ICURespiratoryAcute Severe Asthma
ICUTransplantAcute Transplant Issues
ICUTraumaAcute traumatic spinal cord injury
ICU, EMVentilationAdaptive Support Ventilation
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMAdaptive Trial Designs, Bayesian, adaptive clinical trial
ICUPharmacologyAdenosine
ICUVentilationAdjunctive Respiratory Therapies
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicAdrenal insufficiency
ICUPharmacologyadrenaline
ICUResuscitationAdvanced life support, ARC, australian resuscitation council
ICUPharmacologyAdverse drug reactions
ICUAirwayAdverse Effects of Endotracheal Intubation
ICUExam templateAdverse Outcome Template
ICUInfectious diseasesaerobic gram negative bacteria
ICUInfectious diseasesaerobic gram positive bacteria
ICURetrieval medicineAeromedical transport of the critically ill
EM, ICUPatient SafetyAffective Dispositions to Respond, emotional biases
ICUCardiologyAfterload
ICUAirwayAirway Assessment
ICUEquipment and MonitoringAirway exchange catheter
ICUAirwayAirway in Facial Trauma
ICUAirwayAirway in Neck Trauma, blunt, penetrating, c-spine, cervical spine
ICUAirwayAirway Literature Summaries
ICUVentilationAirway Pressure Release Ventilation (APRV)
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundAirway ultrasound, sonography
ICUFluidsAlbumin versus normal saline
ICUFluidsAlbumin
ICUToxicologyAlcohol withdrawal
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicAlcoholic ketoacidosis
ICUPharmacologyAlkali therapies
ICUPharmacologyalteplase, rTPA
ICUPharmacologyAmiodarone
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyamniotic fluid embolism
ICUToxicologyAmphetamine toxicity
ICUHaematology, HematologyAnaemia
ICUInfectious diseasesanaerobic gram negative bacteria
ICUInfectious diseasesanaerobic gram positive bacteria
ICUTraumaAnalgesia in chest trauma
ICUResuscitationAnaphylaxis
ICUAirwayAngioedema
TraumaAngiography And Embolisation In Pelvic Trauma
ICU, EMResearchAnimal and laboratory studies, knowledge translation
ICUGeneral medicineAnimal encounters and disease
ICUAcid-BaseAnion Gap and Metabolic Acidosis ‰ÛÒ advantages and disadvantages
ICUAcid-BaseAnion gap
ICUPsychiatryAnorexia nervosa
ICUResuscitationAnti-arrhythmic drugs and cardiac arrest
ICUInfectious diseasesantibacterial resistance
ICUNeurologyAnti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis
ICUHaematology, HematologyAnti-phospholipid Syndrome, APLS, antiphospholipid
ICURenal, Pharmacology, Infectious diseasesantibiotic dosing in renal replacement therapy
ICUInfectious diseasesAntibiotic guideline in ICU
ICU, EMInfectious diseases, Sepsis, PharmacologyAntibiotic timing, sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, delays
ICUToxicologyAnticholinergic syndrome
ICUToxicologyAntidote Summary
ICUInfectious diseases, Pharmacologyantimicrobial kill characteristics, time-dependent, concentration-dependent, killing, antibiotic
ICUInfectious diseasesantibiotic stewardship
ICUInfectious diseasesantimicrobial quick reference
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundAortic dissection echocardiography
ICUTraumaAortic injury investigation
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundaortic regurgitation echocardiography
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundaortic steosis echocardiography
ICUResearch, Statistics, Clinical GovernanceAPACHE versus SOFA scoring systems
ICUHaematology, HematologyApheresis, Plasmapheresis
ICUToxicologyApproach to acute poisoning
ICUPharmacologyaprotinin
ICUVentilationARDSnet Ventilation Strategy
ICUCardiologyArrhythmias Literature Summaries
ICUCardiologyArrhythmias
ICUInvestigationsABG, arterial blood gas
ICU, EMMetabolic, Resuscitation, EnvironmentalArterial Blood Gas in Hypothermia
ICUCardiologyArterial Gas Embolism
ICUEquipment and MonitoringArterial line, IABP, intra-arterial blood pressure
ICUInvestigationsascitic fluid
ICUNeurologyaseptic meningitis
ICUInfectious diseasesaspergillosis
ICURespiratoryAspiration Pneumonia
ICURespiratoryAspiration Pneumonitis
ICUPharmacologyaspirin
ICUFluidsAssessing fluid status
ICUAirwayAssessment of Swallow in a Tracheostomy Patient
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryAtrial fibrillation post-cardiac surgery
ICUCardiologyAtrial Fibrillation, AF
ICUCardiologyArial Natriuretic Peptide
ICUResuscitationGuideline changes (2006), ARC, australian resuscitation council
ICUVentilationAuto Triggering of the Ventilator
ICUInvestigationsAutoimmune markers
ICU, EMEquipment and Monitoring, TransfusionAutotransfusion device and cell salvage, cell saver, chest tube
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeAvenues to consider when looking at Withdrawal of Treatment
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeAvoiding Nosocomial Dysthanasia and Promoting Eleothanasia
ICUAirwayAwake intubation
ICUInfectious diseasesbacterial meningitis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBag-Mask, BVM, bag-mask-ventilator, Laerdal, Ambu bag
ICU, EMToxicologyBarbiturate overdose
ICUHot casesBariatric patient hot case, obesity
ICUNutritionBasal metabolic rate
ICUAcid-BaseBase Excess vs Standard Base Excess
ICUTraumatic brain injuryBase of skull fracture
ICUResuscitationBasic life support, ARC, australian resuscitation council
ICUNeurologybasilar artery occlusion
ICUPharmacologyBenzylpenicillin, penicillin G
ICU, EMToxicologyBenzylpiperazine
ICUToxicologyBeta blocker overdose
ICUCardiologyBeta Blockers to Prevent Perioperative MI, prevention, myocardial infarction
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMBias in Research, clinical trials
ICUAirwayBimanual laryngoscopy
ICU, EMInvestigationsBiomarkers
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBIS Monitor, depth of anaesthesia, bispectral index
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBite block
ICUInvestigations ,Haematology, HematologyBleeding time
ICUAirwayBleeding tracheostomy
ICUAirwayBlind digital intubation
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMBlinding and Allocation Concealment
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionBlood Bank, testing
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionBlood Conservation Strategies
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBlood Culture Bottles, Collection
ICUInvestigationsBlood film
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBlood filter
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBlood Gas Analyser, machine, arterial, venous
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBlood gas syringe
ICUHaematology, HematologyBlood Product Compatibilities
ICU, EMHaematology, Transfusion, PharmacologyBlood products
ICU, EMHaematology, Transfusion, PharmacologyBlood substitutes
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionBlood Transfusion in ICU
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionBlood Transfusion Risks
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBlood warmer
ICUTraumaBlunt cardiac injury
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, HematologyBone marrow biopsy
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransplantBone Marrow Transplantation
ICUPharmacologybosentan
ICUNeurologybotulism
ICUAirwayBougie
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeBrain Death
ICUHot casesBrain death hot case
EM, ICUNeurologyBrain herniation
EMTraumatic brain injuryBrain Impact apnoea, apnea, TBI, hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypercarbia, catecholamine sure
ICUInvestigationsBNP, brain natriuretic peptide
ICUNeurologyThe Brainstem Rules of Four, clinical examination
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeBreaking Bad News to Relatives
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBronchial blocker
ICURespiratoryBronchiectasis
ICURespiratoryBronchopleural Fistula
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBronchoscope
ICUAnatomyBronchoscopic Anatomy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringBubble CPAP
ICUNeurologybulbar dysfunction in ICU
ICU, EMAdministration, Professional issuesBurnout
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyburns and pregnancy
ICUTraumaBurns Literature Summaries
ICURespiratory, TraumaBurns, Oxygenation and Ventilation
ICUHot casesBurns patient hot case
ICUTraumaBurns
ICUNutritionCachexia
ICU, EMElectrolytes, Pharmacology, CardiovascularCalcium as an inopressor
ICUToxicologyCalcium channel blocker toxicity
ICU, EMToxicologyCalcium, Digoxin Toxicity and Stone Heart Theory
ICUElectrolytes, Endocrine, MetabolicCalcium metabolism
ICUElectrolytesCalcium replacement advantages and disadvantages
ICUInfectious diseasescandidiasis
ICUAirwayCan't Intubate, Can't Ventilate
ICUAirwayCan't Intubate
EM, ICUPsychiatry, AdministrationCapacity and Competence
ICU, EMResuscitationCapnography in Cardiac Arrest
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCapnography waveform interpretation
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCapnography and CO2 detectors, carbon dioxide
ICUPharmacologyCaptopril
ICUToxicologyCarbamazepine toxicity
ICU, EMToxicologyCarbon monoxide poisoning
ICU, EMGastrointestional, EndocrineCarcinoid syndrome
ICUCardiologyCardiac Arrest Literature Summaries
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryCardiac arrest management post-cardiac surgery
ICUHot casesCardiac arrest survivor hot case
ICUCardiologyCardiac Biomarkers
ICUCardiologyCardiac Lesions and Severe Clinical Signs
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCardiac Output Measurement
ICUCardiologyCardiac Output
ICUCardiologyCardiac Resynchronisation Therapy
ICUOncologyCardiac toxicity of chemotherapy
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologycardiogenic shock and late pregnancy
ICUCardiologyCardiogenic Shock Literature Summaries
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundcardiomyopathy echocardiography
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryCardiopulmonary bypass
ICUCardiology, RenalCardiorenal syndrome
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryCardiothoracic surgery literature summaries
ICUCardiologyCardiovascular Performance Assessment
ICUCardiologyCardiovascular Physiology Overview
ICUCardiologyCardioversion in ICU
ICUVascularCarotid endarterectomy
ICU, EMResearchCase reports and case series
ICUSepsisCatecholamine excess, Beta Blockade and Critical Illness, sepsis, adrenergic receptor
ICUCardiologyCauses of Acute Pulmonary Hypertension
ICUPharmacologyceftriaxone
ICUPharmacologyCelecoxib
EMInfectious diseasesCellulitis
EMInfectious diseasesCellulitis
ICUCardiologyCement Implantation Syndrome
ICUNeurosurgeryCentral diabetes insipidus
ICUInfectious diseasesCentral line infections, cathether, CVC, CVL, venous
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCentral Venous Catheters
EM, ICUNeurologyCerebral edema, oedema
ICUNeurosurgeryCerebral Perfusion Pressure in TBI
ICUNeurosurgery, ElectrolytesCerebral salt wasting, renal
ICUTraumaCervical spine assessment
ICUTraumaCervical spine fractures
ICUResuscitationCessation of CPR, when to stop resuscitation
ICU, EMResuscitationChain of Survival
EM, ICUAdminstrationChange leadership, management, John Kotter
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeChanges in Brain Death Consensus Statement (2010)
ICUAdministrationChanges in ICU mortality
EM, ICUChemical restraint, sedation, acute behavioural emergency, violence, agitation
ICUEquipment and MonitoringChest Drain
ICUEquipment and MonitoringChest Drainage System, underwater seal
ICUInvestigationsChest x-ray, CXR, radiograph
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMChi square test
ICUMetabolicChloride in Critical Illness, hyperchloremia, hyperchloraemia
ICUSurgery, Upper GICholecystitis
ICUInfectious diseasescholera
ICUToxicologyCholinergic syndrome
ICU, EMToxicologyChronic alcohol use
ICUHaematology, HematologyChronic Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)
ICUGastroenterologyChronic liver disease
ICURespiratoryChronic Obstructive Airways Disease (COPD), emphysema, chronic bronchitis
ICUCardiothoracic surgery, RespiratoryChylothorax
ICUConferences and PresentationsCICM ASM 2013, social media and the internet: the future of medical education, toxicological myths and half-truths
ICUToxicology, toxinologyCiguatera poisoning
ICUPharmacologyciprofloxacin
ICUCardiologyCirculation Assessment
ICUToxicology, Metabolic, RenalCitrate toxicity
ICUInvestigationsCK-MB, creatine kinase
ICUInfectious diseasesclassification of antibacterials
ICUPharmacologyclassification of vasoactive drugs
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCleaning Bronchoscope
EM, ICUToxicologyClenbuterol toxicity
ICUGeneral medicineClinical examination of the critically ill
ICU, EMClinical governanceClinical Information Systems (CIS)
ICUExam templateClinical Management Template
ICUPharmacologyclopidogrel
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCo-oximeter
ICUPharmacologycotrimoxazole
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, Hematologycoagulation profile, screen, coags
ICUGastroenterologyCoagulopathy in liver dysfunction
ICUPaediatricscoarctation of the aorta
EMToxicologyCocaine-associated chest pain
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologycocaine toxicity and obstetrics
ICU, EMToxicologyCocaine toxicity
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCodman ICP Monitor, bolt
EM, ICUPatient SafetyCognitive Dispositions to Respond, biases
ICUNeurosurgeryCoiling versus Clipping in Subarachnoid Haemorrhage
ICUHot casesComa hot case
ICUNeurologycoma-like syndromes
EM, ICUPatient SafetyCommunication in a crisis
ICUVivaCommunications Viva
ICURespiratoryCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)
ICUTemplateCompare and Contrast Template
ICUTraumaCompartment syndrome
ICUFluidsComposition of fluids
ICUCardiologyCompression Only CPR
ICUResuscitationCompression only CPR
ICU, EMTraumaConducted Energy Weapon Injuries (TASERs)
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMConfidence intervals
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMConfounding, Confounders
ICUPaediatricscongenital heat disease
EM, ICUAdministration, Ethics, MedicolegalConsent and Competence in Children
EM, ICUPatient Safety, AdministrationConsent
ICUNeurology, Equipment, MonitoringContinuous EEG Monitoring, Electroencephalogram
ICUEquipment and Monitoring, RenalContinuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT) Circuits
ICUCardiologyContractility
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeContraindications to Solid Organ Donation
ICURenalcontrast induced nephropathy
ICUHot casesCOPD hot case, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Cardiothoracic surgeryCoronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
ICU, EMToxicologyCorrosive ingestion
ICUResuscitationCorticosteroids in refractory shock
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicCorticosteroids overview
ICUPharmacologyCOX II inhibitors
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyCPR and pregnancy
ICUAirwayCricoid pressure
EM, ICUPatient Safety, ResuscitationCrisis Resource Management, Crew, CRM
ICU, EMDecision makingCritical thinking
ICUExam templateCritically Evaluate Template
ICUPaediatricscroup
ICUInvestigationsCRP, C-reactive peptide
ICUEquipment and Monitoring, RenalCRRT Haemodialysis Filter, renal replacement therapy
ICUTraumaCrush Syndrome, injury
ICU, EMHaematology, Transfusion, PharmacologyCryoprecipitate
ICU, EMInfectious diseasesCryptococcosis, cryptococcal disease, meningitis, cryptococcus
ICUInvestigationsCSF analysis, cerebrospinal fluid, LP, lumbar puncture
ICUInvestigationsCT Chest
ICUInvestigationsCT Head
ICUAirwayCuff Leak Test, post-extubation stridor
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCuff Pressure gauge
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCVP Measurement
ICU, EMToxicologyCyanide poisoning
ICUInfectious diseasesCMV infection, cytomegalovirus
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, HematologyD-dimer
ICUAcid-BaseD-Lactic acidosis
ICUHaematology, HematologyDabigatran and Bleeding
ICUVentilationDaily interruptions of Sedation in mechanically ventilated patients
ICUNutritionDaily nutritional requirements
ICUTraumaDamage Control Surgery
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMData distributions
EM, ICUPsychiatryDe-escalation, verbal, aggressive behaviour, behavioural emergency, violence, violent
ICURespiratoryDecompression Sickness
ICUNeurosurgeryDecompressive craniectomy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringDefibrillation pads and paddles
ICUEquipment and MonitoringDefibrillators
ICUInfectious diseasesdefinitions in infectious diseases
ICUNeurologydelayed awakening in ICU
ICUAirwayDelayed Sequence intubation
EducationEducation TheoryDeliberate practice
ICUNeurologydelirium
ICUPharmacologydelivery of beta2 agonists in intubated patients, bronchodilators
ICUAcid-BaseDelta Ratio
ICUPharmacologydesmopressin, DDAVP
ICUVascularDetecting myocardial ischemia post AAA repair
ICUFluids, EquipmentFluid administration device flow rates
ICUPharmacologydexmedetomidine
ICUTraumatic brain injuryDiabetes insipdus due to head injury
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicDiabetic ketoacidosis
ICUTraumaDiaphragm injury, diaphragmatic rupture
ICURespiratoryDiaphragmatic Palsy
CardiologyDiastolic dysfunction
ICUAirwayDifficult airway algorithms
ICUVentilationDifficulty Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation
ICURespiratoryDiffuse alveolar haemorrhage
ICUPharmacologydigibind
ICU, EMTraumaDigital Rectal Exam (DRE) in Trauma, PR, per rectum exam
ICU, EMToxicologyDigoxin toxicity, acute, chronic
ICUPharmacologyDigoxin
ICUPharmacologydipyridamole
ICUAirwayDirect Laryngoscopy
ICUAirwayVideo laryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringDiscrepancies between NIBP and Arterial Lines Pressures, IABP, intra-arterial, non-invasive, blood pressure
ICUHaematology, HematologyDisseminated Intravascular Coagulation
ICUPharmacologydobutamine
Toxicology, toxinology>LINK
ICU, EMResearchDogma and Pseudoaxioms
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeDonation after Cardiac Death (DCD)
ICUPharmacologydopamine
ICURenalDose of RRT
ICUEquipment and MonitoringEndotracheal Tube, double lumen, DLT
ICUGeneral medicineDouble peak on arterial pulse
ICUResuscitationDrowning
ICUPharmacologyDrug infusion doses
ICUToxicologyDrug withdrawal syndromes in ICU
ICUResuscitationDrugs for cardiac arrest, emdications, vasopressors, bicarbonate, anti-arrhythmics
ICUVentilationDynamic Presure-Volume Loops
ICUSepsisEarly goal directed therapy in sepsis
ICUPaediatricsEarly Management of the Critically Ill Child
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBM
EM, ICUInfectious diseasesEbola virus, filovirus, filoviridae, Ebola Haemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic, disease
ICU, EMToxicologyECG in Toxicology
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundEchocardiography in Intensive Care
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundEchocardiography Overview
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyeclampsia
ICUEquipment and MonitoringECMO Literature Summaries
ICUEquipment and MonitoringECMO Trouble-shooting, ECLS, troubleshooting
ICUEquipment and MonitoringECMO, extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation, ECLS
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyectopic pregnancy
ICUCardiologyAHA/ACC Guidelines (2007) - Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation of Patients Undergoing non-cardiac surgery
ICUCardiologyAortic Regurgitation
ICUCardiologyArrhythmogenesis
EM, ICUPaediatrics, Anaesthetics, NeurologyEffects Of Anaesthetic Agents On The Developing Brain
EMGeriatrics, TraumaElder abuse, elderly, neglect
ICUEquipment and MonitoringElectrical Concepts and Definitions
ICURespiratory, Ventilation, Equipment and MonitoringElectrical impedence tomography (EIT), thoracic, chest, lung
ICUTraumaElectrical injury
ICUEquipment and MonitoringElectrical Safety Devices
ICUCardiology, EMElectrical Storm, Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation / Ventricular Tachycardia (VF/VT)
ICUNeurology, Equipment, MonitoringElectroencephalogram (EEG)
ICUElectrolytesElectrolyte abnormalities summary
ICUEquipment and MonitoringElectromagnetic interference
ICUEquipment and MonitoringEmergency Thoracocentesis
ICUTraumaEmergency thoracotomy
ICUCardiologyEmergent Valve Disorders
ICUPharmacologyEnalalpril
ICUInfectious diseasesencephalitis
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeEnd-of-Life Care Family Meeting
ICURenalEnd-Stage Renal Failure, ESRF, CKD, Chronic Kidney Disease
ICUEquipment, RespiratoryEndotracheal suction and catheter
ICUEquipment and MonitoringEndotracheal Tube, standard
ICUToxicologyEnhanced elimination
ICUNutritionEnteral feed types
ICUNutritionEnteral nutrition versus parenteral nutrition
ICUPharmacologyEpidural complications
ICUPaediatricsepiglottitis
EMENTEpistaxis
ICUVivaEquipment and Procedure Viva
ICUEquipment and MonitoringEquipment Template
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMError in Research
ICUInvestigationsErythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
ICU, EMHaematology, PharmacologyErythropoietin
ICUToxicologyEthanol intoxication
ICUToxicologyEthylene glycol toxicity
ICUAirwayETT Stylet
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMevidence based medicine
ICU, EMToxicology, ResearchEvidence-based Toxicology
ICUInvestigationsEvoked potentials in critical care
ICUNeurologyexamination of the unconscious patient, coma
ICUEquipment and MonitoringExternal Ventricular Drain, EVD, ICP monitors
ICUToxicologyExtracorporeal elimination in toxicology
ICUEquipment and MonitoringExtradural ICP monitors
ICUHot casesExtubation assessment hot case
EDVentilationExtubation Assessment in ED
ICUVentilationExtubation Assessment in ICU
ICUNeurologyEye Movements in Coma
ICUEquipment and MonitoringFace masks
ICUTraumaFacial trauma
ICUPharmacology, Hematology, TransfusionFactor VIIa, seven, 7
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryFactors determining LIMA flow
ICUTraumaFat embolism syndrome
EM, ICUPatient Safety, AdministrationFatigue and the Critical Care Doctor
ICU, EMPaediatrics, ResuscitationFEAST, paediatric fluid resuscitation, children, trial
ICUOncologyFebrile neutropenia, neutropenia, neutropaenic fever, neutropenic
ICUAnatomyFemoral Vein Anatomy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringFenestrated Tracheostomy Tube
ICUHot casesFever hot case, sepsis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringFiberoptic bronchoscope
ICU, EMTraumaFinger thoracostomy
ICUClinical Governance, EnvironmentalFire In ICU
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMFishers exact test
ICUEquipment and MonitoringFlowtrac䋢, Vigileo䋢
ICUVentilationFlow Volume Loops
ICUVentilationFlow versus Time Graph
ICUPharmacologyfluconazole
ICUFluids, ResuscitationFluid challenge
ICUFluids, ResuscitationFluid Responsiveness
ICU, EMResuscitation, CardiovascularFluid responsiveness
ICUFluidsFluid Therapy Literature Summaries
ICUPharmacologyflumazenil
ICUNutritionFolate deficiency
ICUProcedure, TraumaFoley Catheter Balloon Tamponade
ICU, EMHaematology, Transfusion, PharmacologyFresh Frozen Plasma, FFP
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, HematologyFull blood count, FBC, CBC, complete
ICUGastroenterologyFulminant hepatic failure
ICUInfectious diseasesfungi
ICU, EMToxicologyGastric lavage
ICUGastrointestinalGastric Residual Volume, enteral feeding, intolerance
ICUEquipment and MonitoringGastric Tonometry
ICUPharmacologygastrointestinal drug absorption in critical illness
ICUGastrointestinalGastrointestinal dysfunction in the critically ill, GI, gut, failure
ICUGastroenterologyGastrointestinal Literature Summaries
ICUMiscellaneousGenetics and Critical Illness
ICUPharmacologygentamicin
ICUGeneral medicinegeography and disease
ICU, EMToxicologyGI Decontamination, gastrointestinal
ICUGastroenterologyGI haemorrhage, bleeding, gastrointestinal, upper, lower, hemorrhage
ICU, EMTechnologyGizmo idolatry
ICU, EMNeurology, Trauma, NeurosurgeryGlasgow Coma Scale, Score, GCS
ICUEquipment and MonitoringGlidescope
ToxicologyGlucagon as an Antidote
ICU, EMPharmacologyGlucagon Therapy
ICUNutritionGlucose control in ICU, intensive care, critical care
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicGlucose control literature summaries
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicGlycemic control in critical care
ICU, EMFluidsGlycocalyx in Critical Illness
ICUGeneral medicinegranulomatous diseases
ICUNeurologyGuillain-Barre Syndrome versus Critical Illness Polymyoneuropathy (CIP)
ICUNeurologyGuillain-Barre Syndrome vs Myasthaenia Gravis vs Motor Neuron Disease
ICUNeurologyGuillain Barre Syndrome (GBS)
ICUHaematology, HematologyHaematological Emergencies
ICUOncologyHaematological toxicity of chemotherapy
ICUHaematology, HematologyHaematology Literature Summaries
ICUTraumaHaematuria in trauma
ICUHaematology, HematologyHaemolytic anaemia, anemia, hemolytic, haemolysis, hemolysis
ICUHaematology, HematologyHaemolytic Uraemic Syndrome (HUS)/Therapy-related TTP
ICUEquipment and Monitoring, Renal, ToxicologyHaemoperfusion, hemoperfusion, charcoal
ICUHaematology, SepsisHemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), syndrome, haemophagocytic
ICURespiratoryHaemoptysis, hemoptysis
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyhaemorrhage and pregnancy
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryHaemorrhage post-cardiac surgery
ICU, EMHaematologyPost-Thrombolysis Haemorrhage, bleeding after
ICUTraumaHaemostatic resuscitation, hemostatic
ICUInfectious diseasesHand hygiene
ICUInfectious diseaseshandwashing in ICU
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMHazard Ratio, Median Ratio and Kaplan-Meier Curves
ICU, EDToxicologyHazardous chemical exposure
ICUHot casesHead injury patient hot case
EM, ICUPatient Safety, AdministrationHealth of Critical Care Doctors
ICUInfectious diseasesHealthcare Associated Infections (HIA)
ICUNeurologyHearing loss in ICU, deafness
ICUCardiologyHeart Block and Conduction abnormalities
ICUCardiologyHeart Failure Literature Summaries
ICUGeneral medicineheart sound abnormalities
ICUCardiologyHeart Transplant Patient
ICUEquipment and MonitoringHeat and Moisture Exchanger
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicHeat stroke
ICUEquipment and MonitoringHeliox
ICUPharmacologyheliox
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyHELLP syndrome
ICUHaematology, HematologyHeparin Induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopaenia Syndrome (HITTS)
ICUPharmacologyheparin, unfractionated, UFH
ICUHaematology, Hematology, Transplant, HepatologyHepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD), Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome (SOS)
ICUGastroenterologyHepatopulmonary syndrome
ICURenalhepatorenal syndrome
ICUMiscellaneousHiccoughs, hiccups
ICUVentilationHigh airway and alveolar pressures, pressure alarm
ICURespiratory, Environmental, Wilderness medicineHigh Altitude illness, acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema (HACE), high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), high altitude retinal haemorrhages
ICUEquipment, VentilationHigh Flow Nasal Cannula, HFNC, Heated and Humidifed
ICUVentilationHigh Frequency Oscillation Ventilation (HFOV)
ICUVentilation, EquipmentHigh Frequency Ventilation (HFV)
ICURenalhigh volume haemofiltration
EMPrinciplesHistory of Emergency Medicine
ICUEquipment and Monitoring, HistoryHistory of the Pulmonary Artery Catheter
ICUInfectious diseasesHIV and AIDS
ICUNeurologyHorner's syndrome
ICUHot casesGeneral approach to the hot case
ICUHot casesHot case templates
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMHow to analyse a clinical trial
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMHow to conduct a clinical trial
EM, ICUNeurologyHSV encephalitis
EM, ICUPatient SafetyHuman Factors
ICUEquipment and MonitoringHumidification
ICUMetabolic, InvestigationsAmmonia and hyperammonaemia, hyperammonemia
ICU, EMToxicologyHyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide poisoning
ICURespiratoryHyperbaric oxygen
ICUElectrolytesHypercalcaemia, hypercalcemia, calcium
ICUElectrolytesHyperkalaemia management, hyperkalemia, potassium
ICUElectrolytesHypernatraemia, hypernatremia, sodium
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicHyperosmotic hyperosmolar syndrome
ICUElectrolytesHyperphosphataemia, hyperphosphatemia, phosphate
ICUVascularHypertension post AAA repair
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryHypertension post-cardiac surgery
ICU, EMToxicologyHyperthermia-associated toxidromes, serotonin syndrome, anticholingeric syndrome, sympathomimetic syndrome, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, malignant hyperthermia
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicHyperthermia
ICUPharmacologyhypertonic saline
ICUCardiologyHypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
ICUElectrolytesHypocalcaemia, hypocalcemia, calcium
ICUElectrolytesHypokalaemia, hypokalemia, potassium
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicHypokalemic periodic paralysis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypomagnesaemia, Hypomagnesemia
ICUElectrolytesHyponatraemia, hyponatremia, sodium
ICUElectrolytesHypophosphataemia, hypophosphatemia, phosphate
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryHypotension post-cardiac surgery
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryHypothermia post-cardiac surgery
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicHypothermia
ICUResuscitationHypovolaemia, hypovolemia
ICUToxicologyHypoxaemia in toxicology
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryHypoxaemia post-cardiac surgery
ICUNeurologyHypoxic brain injury, ischaemic, ischemic, encephalopathy
ICUNeurologyICU acquired weakness
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryICU post-cardiac surgery
ICUAdministrationICU Design and Staffing
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMICU Outcomes
ICUAdminstrationICU Outreach, critical care outreach teams (CCOT), ICU liaison, intensive care
ICUAdministration, Infectious diseasesICU Response to a Pandemic, influenza, SARS, MERS, coronavirus
ICUResearch, Statistics, Clinical GovernanceICU Scoring Systems, APACHE, SOFA, MDM, TISS, GCS, SAPS, POSSUM
ICUAdministrationICU Staffing, open and closed ICUs
ICUClinical governanceICU Ward Rounds, patient care rounds
ICURetrieval medicine, Ventilation, Equipment and MonitoringIdeal helicopter ventilator
ICURetrieval medicineIdeal transport monitor
ICURespiratoryIdiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Usual Interstitial Pneumonitis (UIP)
ICURenalIHD vs SLEDD vs CVVHF
ICUAnatomyThird Cranial Nerve Lesions
ICUResuscitationILCOR Guidelines Changes (2010)
ICUGeneral surgeryIleus
ICUPharmacologyimipenem
EM, ICUResuscitationTherapeutic Hypothermia Induction Methods
EM, ICUResuscitation, CardiologyImmediate Post-ROSC Management
ICUSepsisImmunomodulatory agents in sepsis
ICUNutritionImmunonutrition
ICUCardiologyImplantable Cardiac Defibrilators
ICUVentilationImproving Oxygenation in ARDS
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMIncidence and prevalence
ICUTraumatic brain injuryIncreased ICP in TBI
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIndications for Extracorporeal Therapies
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryIndications for adult cardiac surgery
ICURenalIndications, timing and patient selection for RRT, dialysis, CVVH, CRRT, renal repalcement therapy
ICUNutritionIndirect calorimetry
Infectious diseasesInfections and associations
Infectious diseasesInfections in the immunocompromised
ICU, EMTransplant, Infectious diseasesInfections occurring post-transplantation
ICUInfectious diseasesinfectious disease literature summaries
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundinfectious endocarditis echocardiography
ICUInfectious diseasesinfective endocarditis
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyInfluenza and pregnancy
ICUInfectious diseasesinfluenza
ICUHaematology, Hematology, Patient Safety, TransfusionInformed Consent for Blood Transfusion
ICUTraumaInhalational injury
ICUPaediatricsinhaled foreign body
ICUTraumaInitial trauma assessment
ICUHot casesMulti-trauma hot case
Resuscitation, CardiovascularInotropes, vasopressors and other vasoactive agents
ICUResearch, Clinical governanceIntensive Care Outcomes
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMIntention to treat analysis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIntercostal Drain Insertion
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIntermittent Pressurisation Compression (IPC), sequential, pressurization, DVT and VTE prophylaxis
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMInterpretative biases
ICURadiologyInterventional radiology and the critically ill
ICUNutritionIntolerance to enteral nutrition
ICUHot casesIntra-abdominal catastrophe hot case, acute abdomen
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIntra-abdominal pressure monitor
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIntra-Aortic Balloon Pump
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundintracardiac masses echocardiography
ICUNeurologyintracerebral haemorrhage
ICUPharmacology, Toxicology, NutritionIntralipid
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIntraosseous needle insertion
ICUHaematology, HematologyIntravenous Immunoglobulin, IV IG
ICUVentilationIntrinsic PEEP
ICUAirwayIntubating LMA
ICUVentilationIntubation and Mechanical Ventilation Complications
ICUVentilationIntubation and Mechanical Ventilation Indications
ICUAirwayIntubation of the GI bleeder
ICUToxicology, PharmacologyIron overdose, desferrioxamine
ICUHaematology, HematologyIsolated Elevated APTT
ICU, EMToxicologyIsoniazid toxicity, hydrazine, pyridoxine
ICUEquipment and MonitoringIVC filter, VTE prophylaxis, inferior vena cava
ICUHot casesJaundice hot case
ICUEquipment and MonitoringJugular Bulb Oxygen Saturation
ICUCardiologyJunctional Ectopic Tachycardia
ICUTrauma, AirwayKetamine RSI in head injury
ICUPharmacologyketamine
ICUAcid-BaseKetoacidosis
ICUTraumaKidney trauma, Renal injury grading
ICUSepsisLactate clearance versus ScvO2 monitoring in sepsis
ICUAcid-BaseLactic Acidosis Evaluation
ICUAcid-Base, InvestigationsLactate and Lactic Acidosis
ICUAirwayLaryngeal Mask Airway (LMA)
ICUEquipment and Monitoringlaryngoscope and blades
ICUAirwayLaryngospasm
ICUCardiologyLeft Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction, LVOTO
ICU, EMInfectious diseasesLemierre's syndrome
ICUInfectious diseasesLeptospirosis
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionLeukodepleted Blood, RBC, red blood cells
ICURespiratoryLeukotriene receptor antagonists
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMLevels and grades of evidence
ICUPharmacologylevosimendan versus dobutamine
ICUPharmacologylevosimendan
ICU, EMTrauma, EnvironmentalLightning injury
ICUPharmacologyLignocaine, Lidocaine
ICUTraumatic brain injuryLimitations of CT Head in TBI
ICUPharmacologylincomycin
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMLinear regression and Correlation
ICUPharmacologylinezolid
ICUInfectious diseasesListeria
ICUToxicologyLithium toxicity
ICUPharmacologylithium
ICUGastroenterologyLiver failure definitions and scoring systems
ICUToxicologyLiver failure in toxicology
ICUToxicologyLiver transplant for paracetamol toxicity
ICUGastroenterology, Transplant MedicineLiver transplantation
ICUTraumaLiver trauma, Hepatic injury grading
ICUToxicologyLocal anesthetic toxicity
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMLogistic regression analysis
ICUCardiologyLong QT Syndrome
ICUHot casesLong stay patient hot case
ICUPharmacologylow molecular weight heparin, LMWH, cleaxane, enoxaparin
ICUCardiologyLown-Ganong-Levine Syndrome
ICURespiratoryLung abscess
ICURespiratoryLung reduction surgery
ICURespiratoryLung transplant
ICUCardiothoracic surgery, RespiratoryLung Volume Reduction Surgery
ICUHaematology, HematologyLupus Anticoagulants
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundLV function echocardiography, left ventricular, assessment
ICUEquipment and MonitoringMagill's forceps
ICUPharmacologyMagnesium
ICUElectrolytesMagnesium, hypermagnesaemia, hypomagnesaemia, hypermagnesemia, hypomagnesemia
ICU, EMEquipment and MonitoringMagnet
ICUTraumaMajor Haemorrhage in Trauma
ICUInfectious diseasesMalaria
ICUToxicology, Anesthaesia, NeurologyMalignant hyperthermia
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeManagement of the Organ Donation Patient, organ donor
EMAdminstrationManaging the Emergency Department, ED
ICUPharmacologymannitol
ICUGeneral medicinemarfan's syndrome
ICUToxicology, toxinologyMarine envenoming, jellyfish, octopus, fish
ICUGeneral medicinemassive abdominal distention
ICUHaematology, HematologyMassive Blood Loss
ICUEquipment and MonitoringMcCoy Laryngoscope Blade
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMMeasures of central tendency
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMMeasures of variability
ICUEquipment and MonitoringMechanical Circulatory Support ‰ÛÒ A Practical Approach
ICUVentilationMechanical Ventilation Overview
ICU, EMEthicsMedical futility
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeMedical Management of Potential Donors
ICU, EMResearchMedical Reversal
ICUClinical Governance, EnvironmentalMedication Error
ICU, EMPharmacology, EndocrinologyMedications and thyroid function
ICUInfectious diseasesMelioidosis
ICUInfectious diseasesMeningococcaemia
ICUPharmacologymeropenem
ICUGeneral surgeryMesenteric ischaemia
ICUResuscitationMET Teams, Medical Emergency Team
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMMeta-analysis and systematic review
ICUAcid-BaseMetabolic Acidosis Evaluation
ICUAcid-BaseMetabolic Acidosis
ICUAcid-BaseMetabolic Alkalosis Evaluation
ICUAcid-BaseMetabolic Alkalosis
ICUEquipment and Monitoringmetabolic cart
ICUOncologyMetabolic toxicity of chemotherapy
ICUAcid-BaseMetformin-related Lactic Acidosis
ICU, EMToxicologyMethaemoglobinaemia
ICUToxicologyMethanol toxicity
ICUPharmacologymethylene blue
ICU, EMShockMicrocirculation
ICUPharmacologymidazolam
ICUEquipment, TraumaMilitary Anti-Shock Trousers (MAST), medical
ICUPharmacologymilrinone
ICUInfectious diseasesMIC, minimum inhibitory concentration
ICU, EMShockMitochondrial dysfunction
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundmitral regurgitation echocardiography
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundmitral stenosis echocardiography
ICUResuscitationMixed venous oxygen saturation
ICUMiscellaneousMobilisation in ICU
ICUTraumatic brain injuryModerate head injury, severity, traumatic brain injury
ICUVentilationModes of Ventilation
ICUHepatology, Gastrointestinal, EquipmentMARS, Molecular Absorbent Recirculating System
ICUNeurosurgeryMonitoring in Subarachnoid Haemorrhage, SAH, vasospasm
ICUToxicologyMonamine Oxidase inhibitor toxicity
ICUPharmacologyMorphine
ICUInvestigationsMRI and the critically ill
ICUInvestigationsMRI Head
ICUInfectious diseasesmucormycosis, rhizopus, rhinocerebral
ICUShockMultiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS), multiorgan failure, MOF
ICUHot casesMulti-organ failure hot case, MODS, multi-organ dysfunction syndrome, MOF
ICUInfectious diseasesmulti-resistent bacteria outbreak
ICUInfectious diseasesmulti-resistant bacteria
ICUCardiologyMurmurs and Valve Lesions
ICUToxicology, toxinologyMushroom toxicity, poisoning, fungi
ICUNeurologymyasthaenia gravis
ICUInfectious diseasesMycoplasma, pneumoniae
ICUCardiologyMyocardial stunning
ICUCardiologyMyocarditis
ICUNeurologymyopathy versus neuropathy
ICUGeneral medicinemyotomes and differentiating nerve lesions
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicMyxoedema coma, hypothyroidsim
ICUPharmacologyN-acetylcysteine
ICUPharmacologynaloxone
ICUCardiologyNarrow Complex Tachycardia
ICUAirwayNasal intubation
ICUEquipment and MonitoringNasogastric Tube Insertion
ICUNutritionFeeding NG versus PEG versus percutaneous jejunostomy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringNasopharyngeal airway
ICUEquipment and MonitoringNebuliser
ICUGeneral medicineneck stiffness
ICUTraumaNeck trauma
ICUInfectious diseasesNecrotizing fascititis
ICUInfectious diseasesNeedlestick injuries
ICURespiratoryNegative pressure pulmonary oedema
ICUEquipment and MonitoringNerve stimulator, train of four
ICURespiratoryNeurogenic pulmonary edema
ICUToxicologyNeuroleptic malignant syndrome
ICUOncologyNeurological toxicity of chemotherapy
ICUNeurologyNeurology literature summaries
ICUVentilationNeuromusclular Blockade in ARDS
ICUNeurosurgeryNeurosurgery Literature Summaries
ICUHot casesNeutropenic fever hot case
EM, ICUAdministrationNew Equipment Purchasing
ICUToxicologyNew recreational drugs, street drugs
ICUPaediatricsnewborn resuscitation, neonatal
ICUResuscitation, PaediatricsNewborn resuscitation, neonatal, ARC, australian resuscitation council
ICUPharmacologynitric oxide
ICURespiratoryNitric oxide
ICUInfectious diseasesNocardia, Nocardiosis
ICUNeurologynon-convulsive status epilepticus
ICUEquipment and MonitoringNon-invasive Blood Pressure
ICUVentilationNon-invasive ventilation for weaning
ICURespiratory, VentiliationNon-invasive ventilation (NIV) and Asthma
ICUVentilationNon-Invasive Ventilation (NIV)
ICUEquipment and MonitoringNon-rebreathing Oxygen Mask, Partial rebreathing
ICURespiratoryNonresolving or Progressive Pneumonia
ICUPharmacologynoradrenaline
ICUAcid-BaseNormal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis
ICUInfectious diseasesNosocomial infections in ICU, healthcare associated infections (HAI)
ICURespiratoryNosocomial pneumonia
ICUPharmacologyNSAIDs
ICUNutritionNutrition Literature Summaries
ICUNutritionNutrition in the Critically Ill Obese Patient
ICUNutritionNutritional assessment in the critically ill
ICUPharmacologyObesity and pharmacokinetics
ICU, EMTraumaObesity and Trauma, Injury
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicObesity
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeObservations Compatible and Incompatible with Brain Death
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyObstetric & Gynecology Literature Summaries
ICUHot casesObstetric patient hot case
ICURespiratoryObstructive Sleep Apnoea, apnea
ICUPharmacologyoctreotide
ICUNeurologyOculocephalic and oculovestibular reflexes, caloric testing, Doll'e eye test, phenomenom
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMOdds ratio
ICUEquipment and MonitoringOesophageal Doppler
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryOesophageal perforation
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryOff pump versus on pump CABG
ICUHot casesOliguria and anuria hot case
ICUPharmacologyomeprazole
ICUHaematology, HematologyOozing from a Venepuncture Site
ICUVentilationOpen lung approach to ventilation, high PEEP, recruitment
ICURespiratoryOpen lung biopsy
ICUToxicologyOpioid overdose
ICUToxicologyOpioid withdrawal
ICUToxicologyOrganophosphate poisoning
ICUEquipment and MonitoringOropharyngeal airway, Guerdel
ICUInvestigationsOsmolar gap
ICUInfectious diseasesother bacteria
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyOvarian hyperstimulation syndrome
ICUCardiologyOverdrive Pacing
ICUNutritionOverfeeding
ICU, EMRespiratoryOxygen and CO2 Retention in COPD, carbon dioxide retainer
ICUEquipment and MonitoringOxygen Cylinder Regulator
ICUEquipment and MonitoringOxygen Cylinder
Respiratory, CardiovascularOxygen extraction ratio
ICURespiratoryOxygen-Haemoglobin Dissociation Curve, HbO2, hemoglobin
ICUPharmacologyOxygen
ICU, EMEquipment and MonitoringOxylator
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPAC vs TOE in Shock
ICUCardiologyPacemakers
ICUCardiologyPacing Modes, Advantages and Disadvantages
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryPacing Modes - Advantades and Disadvantages, comparison
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric access options in cardiac arrest
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric airway
ICUAirway, PaediatricsPaediatric Airway
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric anaesthetic equipment
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric analgesia
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric Arrest, collapse
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric asthma
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric burns
EM, ICUPaediatricsPaediatric dehydration assessment, hydration status
ICUPaediatricspediatric formulae, calculations
ICUPaediatricspaediatric hypothermia, children
ICUResuscitation, PaediatricsPaediatric Life support, ARC, australian resuscitation council
ICUPaediatricsRSI in a child, paediatric rapid sequence intubation
ICUTraumaPediatric trauma patient
ICUPaediatricsPaediatric Trauma
ICUPaediatricspaediatric traumatic brain injury
ICUPaediatricspaediatric vital signs
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifePalliative Care
ICUSurgery, Upper GIPancreatitis
ICUHaematology, HematologyPancytopaenia
ICUVentilationPaO2- FiO2 Ratio
ICUPharmacologyParacetamol
ICUAirwayParalytics for Intubation of the Critically ill
ICU, EMToxicologyParaquat poisoning
ICUInfectious diseasesparasites
ICUFluids, ResuscitationPassive Leg Raise
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPassy Muir Valve
EM, ICUPatient SafetyPatient Safety
ICURetrieval medicinePatient Transport
ICUVentilationPatient-Ventilator Dyssynchrony
ICU, EMCardiovascularPCO2 gap, cvaCO2gap
ICUTraumaPelvic Arterial Injury
ICUTraumaPelvic fracture management
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyPelvic inflammatory disease, PID
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPercutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) Tube
ICUAirwayPercutaneous Tracheostomy
ICUCardiologyPercutaneous Valve Replacement Literature Summaries
ICUAirwayPercutaneous versus Surgical Tracheostomy
ICU, EMNutritionPeri-procedural Fasting, NBM, NPO, procedural sedation, post-operative, general anaesthesia
ICUCardiologyPericardial disease
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundpericardial effusion and tamponade echocardiography
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPericardiocentesis
ICUCardiologyPericarditis
ICU, EMResuscitation, ObstetricsPerimortem caesarian section, cesarian, hysterotomy
ICUFluidsPerioperative fluid management
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyPeripartum cardiomyopathy
ICUEquipment and Monitoringperipheral intravenous cannula
ICUTraumaPermissive hypotension, penetrating trauma
ICUPaediatricsPersistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn
ICUGeneral medicinepersistent tonic conjugate eye deviation
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicPhaeochromocytoma
ICUPharmacologyPharmacology and Critical Illness
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMPhases of Clinical Research, Trials
ICUPharmacologyphenylephrine
ICUHaematology, HematologyPhlegmasia Cerulea Dolens
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryPhrenic nerve palsy post-cardiac surgery
Physical restraint
ICUPaediatricsphysiological changes that take place at birth
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologyphysiology of normal pregnancy
ICUClinical GovernancePhysiotherapy in ICU
ICUPharmacologyphysostigmine
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPiCCO
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPitt Speaking Tube
ICUToxicology, toxinologyPlant toxicity, poisoning, herbal
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, HematologyPlatelet function assays, test
ICURespiratoryPlatypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome
ICUInvestigationsPleural effusion
ICURespiratoryPleural Effusion
ICUInfectious diseasesPneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, PCP, PJP
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryPneumonectomy
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologypneumonia in pregnancy
ICURespiratoryPneumonia in the Heart-Lung Transplant patient
ICURespiratoryPneumonia in Immunocompromised
ICURespiratoryPneumothorax
ICU, EMToxicologyPolonium
ICUHaematology, HematologyPolycythaemia
ICUTraumatic brain injuryPolyuria and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
ICUHot casesPolyuria hot case
ICUNutritionPoor nutrition in the critically ill
ICUHaematology, HematologyPorphyria
ICUGeneral medicineportal hypertension signs
ICUGastroenterologyPortal hypertension
ICUGastrointestinal, Hepatology, HaematologyPortal vein thrombosis
ICUGastroenterologyPortopulmonary syndrome
ICUVentilationPostive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)
ICUResuscitation, CardiologyPost Cardiac Arrest Care
EM, ICUResuscitation, CardiologyPost-cardiac arrest syndrome
ICUHot casesPost cardiac surgery hot case
ICUAirwayPost-extubation stridor
ICUSurgery, Upper GIPost-hemihepatectomy care
ICUResuscitation, NeurologyPost-hypoxic myoclonus (PHM), anoxic, Lance-Adams Syndrome, MSE, myoclonic status epilepticus
ICUAirwayPost-intubation care
ICUNeurologypost-operative confusion
Endocine, SurgeryPost-parathyroidectomy care
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryPost-pericardiotomy syndrome
ICUInfectious diseasespost-splenectomy care
ICU, EMTrauma, Neurology, NeurosurgeryPost-traumatic seizures, prophylaxis, phenytoin, levetiracetam
EM, ICUNeurologyPosterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES)
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMPower and Sample Size Calculation
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMPractice Misalignment
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologypre-eclampsia and eclampsia
ICUCardiologyPre-excitation syndromes
ICUTraumaPre-peritoneal packing
ICU, EMDecision makingPrecautionary Principle and the Kehoe Principle
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologypregnancy and intensive care
ICU, EMAirway, RetrievalPrehospital Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI)
ICUCardiologyPreload
ICUAirwayPre-oxygenation
ICUInfectious diseasespressure areas and pressure ulcers, sores
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPressure Monitoring Definitions
ICUVentilationPressure versus Time Graph
ICUVentilationPressure versus Volume Loop
ICUAirwayPretreatment drugs for Rapid Sequence Intubation (RSI)
ICURenalprevention of clotting in a CRRT circuit
ICUTrauma, Administration, SafetyPrevention of Electrocution
EM, ICUGeneral Surgery, GastroenterologyProblems after bariatric surgery
EM, ICUSurgeryProblems after bariatric surgery
ICUSepsisProblems in the diagnosis of sepsis
ICUInvestigationsProcalcitonin
ICU, EMHaematology, ProceduresProcedures and Coagulopathy
ICUNeurologyprognosis after cardiac arrest
ICUNutritionProkinetics
ICUVentilationProne Position and Mechanical Ventilation
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMPropensity Score Analysis
ICUPharmacologypropofol advantages and disadvantages
ICUPharmacologypropofol infusion syndrome
ICUPharmacologypropofol
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMProspective studies, cohort, observational
ICUPharmacologyprostacyclin, epoprostenol
ICUPharmacologyProtamine
ICUVentilationProtective lung ventilation, low tidal volume
ICUPharmacologyProthrombinex
ICUInfectious diseasesprotozoa
ICU, EMNeurologyPseudocoma
ICUGastroenterologyClostridium difficile Enterocolitis and Pseudomembranous Colitis
ICU, EMResearchPublication Practices Distort Science, economics
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPulmonary Artery Catheter ‰ÛÒ Literature Summaries
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPulmonary Artery Catheters, PAC, Swan-Ganz, yellow snake
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure and Wedging
ICURespiratoryPulmonary embolism
ICU, EMCardiovascular, RespiratoryPulmonary Embolus versus Right Ventricular Infarction
ICU, EMEchocardiography, Ultrasoundpulmonary hypertension echocardiography
ICUCardiologyPulmonary Hypertension
ICUVentilationPulmonary Mechanics
ICUOncologyPulmonary toxicity of chemotherapy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringPulse Oximeter, Pulse Oximetry
ICUResuscitationPEA, pulseless electrical activity, EMD, electromechanical dissociation
ICUGeneral medicinepulsus alternans
ICUNeurologypupillary abnormalities
ICUDermatologyPupura fulminans
ICUPaediatricspyloric stenosis
ICUAcid-BasePyroglutamic Acidosis
ICUInfectious diseasesQ fever
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMQualitative data types and tests
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMQuantitative data types and tests
ICUMicrobiology, Infectious diseases, SepsisQuorum sensing, inter-cellular communication, bacteria
ICU, EMRadiologyRadiation Risk
ICUVivaRadiology Viva
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMRandomisation
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMRandomised control trials, RCT, RCTs
ICUPharmacologyranitidine
ICUAirwayRapid sequence airway (RSA)
ICUAirwayIntubation, Hypotension and Shock, rapid sequence intubation (RSI)
ICUAirwayRapid Sequence Intubation (RSI)
ICU, EMTrauma, Radiology, ResuscitationRAPTOR suite, hybrid unit, Resuscitation with angiography, percutaneous techniques and operative repair
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMReceiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) Curve, diagnostic test
ICUVentilationRecruitment Manouvres in ARDS
ICUGeneral medicinerectal examination
ICUNutritionRefeeding syndrome
ICUTraumaRefractory shock in trauma
ICUNeurologyrefractory status epilepticus
ICUEquipment and MonitoringRegional Anaesthesia in the Critically Ill
ICURenalregional citrate anticoagulation
ICUEquipment and MonitoringRegulator for Medical Suction Outlet
ICUOncologyRenal and urological toxicity of chemotherapy
ICURenalrenal disease biomarkers
VascularRenal failure Post AAA Repair
ICURenalRenal literature summaries
ICURenalrenal replacement prescription
ICURenalRRT terminology and nomenclature
ICURenal, Transplantrenal transplant patient
ICUAcid-Base, RenalRenal Tubular Acidosis, Uraemic acidosis, renal, acid-base
ICURenalrenal tubular acidosis
ICUAcid-BaseRespiratory Acidosis
ICUAcid-BaseRespiratory Alkalosis
ICUAcid-BaseRespiratory Compensation in Metabolic Disorders
ICUAirwayRespiratory distress in Tracheostomy Patient
ICUHot casesRespiratory failure hot case
ICURespiratoryRespiratory Literature Summaries
ICUResuscitationResuscitation literature summaries
ICUResuscitationResuscitation Team Leader
EM, ICUTrauma, ResuscitationREBOA, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMRetrospective studies, cohort, observational, chart review
ICU, EMHaematology, PharmacologyReversal of anti-platelet agents, reversing, clopidogrel, aspirin
ICURenalrhabdomyolysis
ICURheumatologyRheumatoid arthritis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringRIC Line, rapid infusion catheter
ICUPharmacologyrifampicin
ICURenalRIFLE Criteria and AKIN Classification
ICUCardiologyRight Ventricular Failure,heart, cardiac
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundRV function echocardiography, right ventricular, assessment
ICUPaediatricsbronchiolitis
EM, ICUCardiologyRight ventricular infarction, RV, myocardial
EM, ICUENT, Infectious diseaseLudwig's Angina, submandibular space
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMRisk and Numbers needed to treat, NNT
EM, ICUHaematology, ToxicologyRivaroxaban, haemorrhage, bleeding, toxicity, NOAC
ICUEquipment and MonitoringRotameter, flow meter
EMPaediatrics, Infectious DiseasesRotavirus
ICURespiratoryRoutine Daily Chest X-ray, CXR
ICURenalRRT principles in fluid management
ICUToxicologySalicylate toxicity
ICURespiratorySARS, MERS and the Coronaviruses
ICURheumatologyScleroderma
ICUToxicology, toxinologyScombroid poisoning, fish
ICUEquipment and MonitoringCentral venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) monitoring
ICUNeurologySedation in ICU
ICUToxicologySedative toxidrome
ICUInfectious diseasesselective digestive decontamination, SDD
ICUVentilationSelective Lung Ventilation, one, single, lung separation, independent
ICUEquipment and MonitoringSenkstaken-Blackmore and Minnesota Tubes
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologysepsis and obstetrics
ICUSepsisSepsis biomarkers
ICUSepsisSepsis Definitions, SIRS, PIRO, severe sepsis, septic shock
ICUSepsisSepsis Literature Summaries
ICUSepsisSepsis Pathophysiology
ICU, EMSepsis, Infectious diseasesSeptic emboli
ICUDermatologySerious generalised skin disorders
ICUToxicologySerotonin syndrome
ICUVentilationSetting Up A Ventilator
ICUCardiologySevere Heart Failure Management
ICUHot casesShock hot case
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundShunts and echocardiography
ICUElectrolytesSIADH, syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion, antidiuretic hormone
ICUNeurosurgery, ElectrolytesSIADH versus Cerebral Salt Wasting
ICUHaematology, HematologySickle cell crisis, disease, anaemia, anemia, acute chest syndrome, vaso-occlusive disease, acute splenic sequestration, aplastic, priapism
ICUGeneral medicineAortic regurgitation signs
ICUGeneral medicinesigns of intracranial hypertension
ICUGeneral medicinesigns of tetralogy of fallot
ICUPharmacologysildenafil
ICUEquipment and MonitoringSite of Temperature Measurement in the Critically Ill
EM, ICUEducation, SimulationIn Situ Simulation
ICUNeurologySleep in ICU, disruption, cycle, circadian rhythm, deprivation
ICU, EMTrauma, Burns, Toxicology, Respiratorysmoke inhalation, airway burn, pneumonitis, carbon monoxide, cyanide, methemoglobinemia
ICUToxicology, toxinologySnakebite envenoming
ICUAcid-Base, Metabolic, EndocrineSodium Bicarbonate and Diabetic Ketoacidosis
ICUAcid-BaseSodium Bicarbonate Use
ICUToxicologySodium channel blocker toxicity
ICUPharmacologySodium nitroprusside
ICUToxicologySodium valproate overdose
ICUPharmacologySodium valproate
ICUInfectious diseasesSoil-related infections
ICUPharmacologySotalol
ICUInfectious diseasesspecific infections, causative organisms & treatment
ICUToxicology, toxinologySpider envenoming
ICUTraumaSpinal cord anatomy and syndromes
ICUNeurologyspinal cord syndromes
EM, ICUInfectious diseases, NeurosurgerySpinal epidural abscess
ICUInvestigationsSpinal imaging
ICUHot casesSpinal injury patient hot case
ICUInvestigationsSpirometry
ICUPharmacologyspironolactone
ICUTraumaSpleen trauma, Splenic injury grading
ICUGastroenterologySpontaneous bacterial peritonitis, SBP
ICUVentilationSpontaneous Breathing Trial (SBT), minimal ventilator settings
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMStandardised mortality ratio (SMR)
ICUInfectious diseasesToxic shock syndrome, Staphylococcal
ICUInfectious diseasesStaphylococcus aureus
ICUNutritionStarvation response
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMStatistical Significance and Clinical Significance
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologystatus asthmaticus and pregnancy
ICUPaediatricsstatus epilepticus in children
ICUNeurologystatus epilepticus
ICUInfectious diseases, MicrobiologyStenotrophomonas maltophilia
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicSteroid conversion
ICUSepsisSteroids and Septic Shock Literature Summaries
ICUDermatologyStevens Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
ICUInvestigationsFaeces, feces, stool analysis, specimen
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionStorage Lesions
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicOxidative stress in critical illness
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicStress induced hyperglycemia
ICUGastroenterologyStress ulcer prophylaxis
ICUAirwayStridor
ICU, EMNeurologystroke thrombolysis
ICUAcid-BaseStrong Ion Difference
EM, ICUResearch, Statistics, EBMBefore-and-after studies, study design
ICUNeurosurgerySubarachnoid Haemorrhage: Complications, SAH
ICUNeurosurgerySubarachnoid Haemorrhage Grading Systems
ICUNeurosurgerySubarachnoid Haemorrhage: ICU Management, SAH
ICUNeurosurgerySubarachnoid Haemorrhage: Initial Management, SAH
ICUHot casesSubarachnoid haemorrhage hot case
ICUNeurosurgerySubarachnoid Haemorrhage: Prognostication, SAH
ICUNeurosurgerySubarachnoid Haemorrhage (SAH), overview
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMSubgroup analysis
ICUNutritionSubstrate metabolism - rest versus stress
ICUPharmacologysucrulfate
ICU, EMPharmacologySugammadex
ICURenalSummary of RRT Types
ICUOncologySuperior Vena Cava (SVC) Obstruction
ICUMiscellaneousSupra-physiological Oxygenation Literature Summaries
ICUAirwaySurgical cricothyroidotomy
ICURespiratorySurgical Emphysema
ICU, EMResearch, StatisticsSurrogate outcomes
ICUSepsisSurviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2012
ICUSepsis Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines 2008
ICUEquipment and MonitoringSvO2 vs ScvO2, venous oxygen saturation, central versus pulmonary
ICUEquipment and MonitoringMixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) monitoring
ICUAirwaySwallowing
ICUEquipment and MonitoringSwivel connector
ICUToxicologySympatholytic toxidrome
ICUToxicologySympathomimetic toxidrome
EMCardiovascularSyncope
EMCardiovascularSyncope
ICUInvestigationsJoint fluid, synovial fluid, analysis
ICURheumatologySLE, systemic lupus erythematosis
ICUGeneral medicinesystolic pressure variation
ICUPharmacologytazocin, piperacillin tazobactam
toxTraumatic brain injuryTemperature and TBI, hypothermia
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTemporary Epicardial Cardiac Pacing
ICUCardiologyTemporary Pacemaker Problems
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryTemporary pacemaker trouble-shooting
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTemporary Pacemaker Troubleshooting
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTemporary Transvenous Cardiac Pacing
ICUEquipment and Monitoringtemporary venous pacing wire
ICUPharmacologyTenecteplase, TNK-tPA
ICUPharmacologyterlipressin
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTesting Gas Supply and Suction
ICUInfectious diseasestetanus
ICUPaediatricstetralogy of fallot
ICUAdministration, Professional issuesThe Aging Clinician, Intensivist, elderly
ICUGeneral medicinethe elderly and critical care
ICUMiscellaneousThe Long Term ICU Patient
ICUTraumatic brain injuryLund Concept in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
ICUPaediatricsthe septic child
ICUPharmacologytheophyline
ICUToxicologyTheophylline toxicity, methylxanthines
EM, ICUResuscitationTherapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest
ICUResuscitationTherapeutic hypothermia
ICUNutrition, NeurologyThiamine deficiency, beri beri, Wernicke's encephalopathy
ICUPharmacologythiopentone
ICUPharmacologyRib fracture epidural versus opioids
ICUTraumaThoracic trauma
ICUAirwayThree Axis Alignment versus Two Curve Theory
Haematology, HematologyThrombocytopaenia, thrombocytopenia, low platelets
ICUHaematology, HematologyThrombocytopaenic Thrombotic Purpura (TTP)
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, HematologyThromboelastogram (TEG), thromboelastography
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTED stockings, DVT and VTE prophylaxis, thromboembolic deterrent
ICUInvestigations, Haematology, HematologyThrombophilia screen, Anti-thrombin III deficiency
ICUEndocrine, MetabolicThyroid storm, hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis
ICUToxicology, toxinologyTick paralysis, ixodid hard tick
ICUPharmacologyticlodipine
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTiger tube, self-advancing nasal jejunal enteric feeding
ICUAirwayTiming of Tracheostomy
ICUPharmacologytirofiban
ICUClinical Governance, Ethics and End of LifeTissue Donation
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTissue Oxygenation Assessment
ICUNutritionTPN, total parenteral nutrition
ICUToxicologyToxic alcohols
ICUGeneral Surgery, GastroenterologyToxic megacolon
ICUToxicologyToxicology literature summaries
ICUInfectious diseasestoxoplasmosis
ICUAirway, ENT, RespiratoryTracheo-esophageal fistula, TOF, oesophageal
ICUAirwayTracheostomy, advantages and disadvantages
ICUHot casesTracheostomy ready for decannulation hot case
ICUAirwayTracheostomy Insertion Techniques
ICUAirwayTracheostomy Literature Summaries
ICUEquipment, AirwayTracheostomy tubes
ICUAirwayTracheostomy
EM, ICUAdministration, EducationTrainees with Difficulties
ICUHaematology, Hematology, TransfusionTRALI, transfusion related lung injury
ICUPharmacologyTramadol
ICUPharmacologytranexamic acid, TXA
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTranscranial Doppler
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTranscutaneous Pacing
ICURetrieval medicineTransferring the critically ill
ICUSurgery, Upper GITransjugular Intrahepatic Porto-systemic Shunt Procedure (TIPSS)
ICUInfectious diseasesTransmission-based precautions
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundTransoesophageal echocardiography, TOE, TEE
ICUHot casesTransplant patient hot case
ICU, EMEchocardiography, UltrasoundTransthoracic echocardiography, TTE
ICUNeurologytransverse myelitis
ICUObstetrics, Gynaecologytrauma and obstetrics
ICUTraumaTrauma Literature Summaries
EM, ICUTraumaTrauma Scoring Systems
ICUTraumatic brain injuryTraumatic brain injury Literature Summaries
ICUTraumatic brain injuryTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Assessment
ICUTraumatic brain injuryTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Management
ICUTraumatic brain injuryTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Monitoring
ICUTraumatic brain injuryTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Prognosis
ICUTraumatic brain injuryTraumatic brain injury (TBI) Overview
ICU, EMTrauma, ResuscitationTraumatic Cardiac Arrest
ICUToxicologyTricyclic antidepressant overdose
ICUCardiology, InvestigationsTroponin in Critical Illness, high, raised, increased, troponinaemia, troponitis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTrouble-shooting PAC measurement, pulmonary artery catheter, Swan-Ganz
ICURenaltroubleshooting RRT
ICUEquipment and MonitoringTube securing devices
ICUInfectious diseasestuberculosis
ICUHaematology, Hematology, OncologyTumour Lysis Syndrome
ICUGeneral surgeryTURP syndrome
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMTypes of research studies
ICUInvestigationsUltrasound in Critical Care
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMUnderstanding Diagnostic Tests, decision making, diagnosis, likelihood ratio, sensitivity, specificity, positive, negative, predictive value
ICUInfectious diseasesstandard precautions, universal, body substance isolation
ICUSepsisUnresolved Sepsis
ICUAirwayUpper Airway Obstruction in a Child
ICURespiratoryUpper airway obstruction
ICUElectrolytesUrea-Creatine Ratio
ICUInvestigationsUrinalysis
ICUAcid-BaseUrinary Anion Gap
ICUEquipment and MonitoringUrinary Catheter, Foley, IDC, Indwelling
ICUElectrolytesUrinary electrolytes
ICUInfectious diseasesurosepsis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringVacuum Drain Bottle
ICU, EMResearch, Statistics, EBMValidity of Clinical Research, trial
ICUPharmacologyvancomycin
ICUInfectious diseasesvaricella zoster
ICUVascularVascath into an artery, arterial placement
ICUEquipment and MonitoringDialysis catheter, vascath, access for RRT, renal replacement therapy
ICUVascularVascular surgery literature summaries
ICUCardiothoracic surgeryVasoplegia post-cardiopulmonary bypass
ICUPharmacologyvasopressin
ICUNeurosurgeryVasospasm in Subarachnoid Haemorrhage, SAH, mananagement
ICU, EMInvestigations, MetabolicVBG versus ABG, venous, arterial, blood gas
ICUCardiologyVenous gas embolism
ICU, EMCardiology, ShockVenous Return in Shock
ICUHaematology, HematologyVenous Thromboembolism (VTE) Prophylaxis
ICUVentilationVentilation Literature Summaries
ICU, EMEquipment and Monitoring, VentilationVentilator alarms
ICURespiratory, VentilationVentilator Associated Lung Injury (VALI), Ventilator Induced Lung Injury (VILI)
ICURespiratoryVentilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP)
ICUVentilationVentilator Waveform Analysis
ICUEquipment and MonitoringVentricular Assist Device, VAD
ICUCardiologyVentricular Fibrilation
ICUCardiologyVentricular Tachycardia
ICUNeurosurgeryVentriculitis
ICUInfectious diseasesvibrio infection
ICUAirwayVideo laryngoscopy
ICUInfectious diseasesviruses
ICUGeneral medicinevisual field lesions
ICUNutrition, MetabolicVitamin D in Critical Illness
ICUVentilationVolume versus Time Graph
ICUVentilationVolutrauma
ICUHaematology, HematologyVon Willebrand‰Ûªs Disease
ICUObstetrics, GynaecologyVTE and pregnancy, venous thromboembolism
ICUPharmacologywarfarin
ICUEquipment and MonitoringWarming blanket, Bair hugger, patient warming system
ICUInfectious diseaseswaterbourne infection
EM, ICUNeurologyWatershed infarcts
ICUHot casesWeakness hot case
ICUVentilationWeaning from Mechanical Ventilation
ICUHot casesWeaning from ventilation hot case
ICURheumatologyWegeners granulomatosis and Microscopic Polyangitis
ICUPharmacologyWeights in Pharmacology
ICUCardiologyWellen's Syndrome
ICUNeurologywernicke's encephalopathy
ICUEquipment and MonitoringWet Circuit
ICURespiratoryWheeze
ICUCardiologyWide Complex Tachycardia
ICUCardiologyWolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
EM, ICUCardiovascularDifferential Diagnosis of ECG Abnormalities
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicRespiratory alkalosis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicAcid-Base disorders, approach, osmolar gap
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicMetabolic acidosis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicMetabolic alkalosis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicRespiratory acidosis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Hematology, LaboratoryAnemia, anaemia, hypochromic, normochromic, normocytic, macrocytic, microcytic, iron studies
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, ObstetricBHCG, Rhesus D and Progesterone
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Gastrointestinal, LaboratoryBilirubin, jaundice, conjugated, unconjugated
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, RenalCreatinine
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, LaboratoryCSF analysis, lumbar puncture, meningitis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypercalcaemia, hypercalemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHyperchloraemia, Hyperchloremia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHyperkalaemia, hyperkalemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypermagnesaemia, Hypermagnesemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypernatraemia, hypernatremia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHyperphosphataemia, Hyperphosphatemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypocalcaemia, hypocalcemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypochloraemia, Hypochloremia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypokalaemia, hypokalemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHyponatraemia, hyponatremia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Metabolic, Investigation, hyponatremia, sodium
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Metabolic, InvestigationSIADH, syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicHypophosphataemia, Hypophosphatemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MusculoskeletalJoint fluid analysis, arthrocentesis, crystals, microscopy, white cells
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, InvestigationLaboratory urinalysis, casts, microscopy, culture
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Gastrointestinal, LaboratoryLiver Function Tests, LFTs, aminotransferases, AST, ALP, ALT, GGT, LDH
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Gastrointestinal, LaboratoryParacentesis (Ascitic Tap), ascites, exudate, transudate, serum:ascites, ratio, gradient
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Respiratory, LaboratoryPleural Fluid Analysis, exudate, transudate, gradient, ratio
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Endocrine, LaboratoryThyroid Function Tests, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, MetabolicUric acid, urate
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, RenalUrea Creatinine ratio
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Laboratory, RenalUrea
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, InvestigationDipstick urinalysis, bedside, protein, blood, glucose, leukocyte esterase, nitrites, ketones, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrites, specific gravity
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, InvestigationUrine colour, color, urinalysis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, InvestigationUrine electrolytes, sodium, anion gap
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, InvestigationUrine odour, odor, urinalysis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, InvestigationUrine transparency, turbidity, urinalysis
EM, ICUPharmacology, Hematology, HaematologyNew oral anticoagulants (NOACs), dabigatran, rivaroxaban, direct thrombin inhibitors, Factor Xa inhibitors
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalAbdominal distention, swelling
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalAbdominal pain, acute abdomen, tenderness, rigidity
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Dermatology, Oncology, EndocrineAcanthosis nigricans
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryAirway obstruction, incomplete, partial, complete
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, ImmunologyAnaphylaxis, severe allergic reaction
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyAnosmia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Rheumatology, Orthopedics, MusculoskeletalArthritis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurology, GastrointestinalAsterixis DDX, hepatic flap
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyAtaxia DDX, incoordination
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryAtelectasis, lung collapse, collapsed lung
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, ImmunologyAutoimmune associated diseases
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyBlepharospasm, blinking, facial tics
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyBradycardia, narrow complex, wide complex, irregular, regular
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryBronchial breath sounds
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryBronchiectasis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyBulbar palsy, pseudobulbar palsy
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, LaboratoryCRP DDX, C-reactive protein
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyCardiac failure, acute heart failure syndrome, low output, high output
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyCentral Pontine Myelinolysis, extrapontinemyelinolysis, osmotic demyelination syndrome
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurologycerebellar disease, cerebellum, midline, unilateral, bilateral
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyChest pain, non-traumatic
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyChorea DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Cardiology, Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, OtherClubbing
ICUGeneral medicineClubbing
ICU, EMNeurologyComa, loss of conciousness, stupor, obtundation, altered mental state
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyCranial nerve lesions, palsy, 3, 4, 6, 11, 12, multiple
ICURespiratoryCryptogenic Organising Pneumonia, BOOP, Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organising Pneumonia
ICUGeneral medicineCyanosis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyDementia DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalAbdominal mass, swelling
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, EndocrineDiffuse goitre, thyroid, enlarged, enlargement
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalDysphagia DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyDystonia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyExophthalmos, proptosis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyEye trauma, blunt, penetrating
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyFacial twitches DDX, recurrent, hemifacial spasm
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyFixed dilated pupil, mydriasis, blown pupil
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurology, PediatricsFloppy infant
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Gastrointestinal, RadiologyGas on abdominal x-ray DDX, RUQ, right upper quadrant gas, pneumoperitoneum, mimics, AXR
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GenitourinaryGenital ulcers
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalGroin lump, hernia, swelling, mass
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, EndocrineGynaecomastia DDX, gynecomastia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalHepatomegaly, liver, enlarged, enlargement
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Hematology, GastrointestinalHepatosplenomegaly
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryHigh airway pressures, intubated, ventilated
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Respiratory, RadiologyHilar Adenopathy DDX, hilum, lymph, node, gland
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Respiratory, RadiologyHilar enlargement on chest x-ray DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Dermatology, EndocrinologyHirsutism, abnormal hair growth
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryHoneycomb lung DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyHorner's syndrome
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, MetabolicAmmonia and hyperammonaemia, hyperammonemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, MetabolicHyperkalemia, Hyperkalaemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Endocrine, MetabolicHypoglyecemia, hypoglycaemia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Respiratory, Radiology, InvestigationIncreased Interstitial Markings on Chest X-ray DDX, fine reticular pattern
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurology, RadiologyIntracranial calcification
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurology, RadiologyIntracranial Structures That Exhibit Contrast Enhancement DDX, CT Head
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RenalKidney mass, renal mass, enlarged kidney
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalLarge bowel obstruction DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Dermatology, MusculoskeletalLeg ulcers
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalLiver palpation abnormalities, firm and irregular liver, tender liver, pulsatile liver
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyLoss of vision, visual loss, blindiness
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalLower Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage DDX, hemorrhage, GI
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalMalabsorption DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryMassive haemoptysis DDX, hemoptysis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Radiology, InvestigationMediastinal widening on portable x-rays DDX, chest x-ray, widened mediastinum, AP
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalMedical causes of abdominal pain
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyMeningism, stiff neck
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyMovement disorders DDX, hypokinesia, hyperkinesia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyMurmurs DDX, systolic, diastolic, continuous
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyOptic disk abnormality, papiloedema, optic atrophy, papillitis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, DermatologyPalmar erythema
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalPancreatitis DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyParkinsonism DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, ENT, Head and NeckParotid swelling, enlargement
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurologyperipheral neuropathy, painful, predominately motor, mononeuritis multiplex
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryPost-intubation hypoxia
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyPost-resuscitation syndrome
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Orthopedics, Radiology, Musculoskeletal, TraumaPseudofractures DDX, fracture mimics
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Respiratory, RadiologyPseudoinfiltrates on chest x-ray DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Respiratory, Radiology, InvestigationPulmonary fibrosis DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Investigation, Respiratory, RadiologyPulmonary opacities on chest x-ray DDX, consolidation, airspace filling, nodular, reticular, reticulonodular
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyPEA, EMD, pulseless electrical activity, electromechanical dissociation
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyPulsus Paradoxus
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyRadiculopathy DDX, nerve root
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalRectal mass
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyRed eye, painful, painless
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyRetinal haemorrhage
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GenitourinaryScrotal mass
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologySeizures, epilepsy, status epilepticus, seizure mimics
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, DermatologySerious skin signs in sick patients DDX, infarcts, pupura, rash, blisters, vesicles, oral lesions, exfoliatve, pustules, scaling, wheals, facial edema, oedema
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyShock, cardiogenic, obstructive, distributive, endocrine
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Cardiology, MusculoskeletalShoulder pain radiating down the arm DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Dermatology, Oncologyskin tumour, tumor, benign, malignant
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalSmall bowel obstruction DDX
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, ENT, Infectious diseasesSore throat, pharyngitis
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, HematologySplenomegaly, enlarged spleen
ICUGeneral medicinesplenomegaly
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Dermatology, HematologySplinter hemorrhages, haemorrhages
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologySudden severe headache DDX, thunderclap, abrupt onset
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Cardiology, Respiratory, OncologySVC Obstruction DDX, superior vena cava
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologySVT, supraventricular tachycardia, atrioventricular tachydysrhythmia, AVNRT, AVRT
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Cardiology, NeurologySyncope, presyncope
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyTachycardia, narrow complex, wide complex, irregular, regular
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Dermatology, ImmunologyThickened tethered skin
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, ToxicologyToxic agents and abnormal vital signs
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, ToxicologyToxicological causes of cardiac arrest
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, RespiratoryTracheal displacement
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, NeurologyTremor
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, OphthalmologyTunnel vision
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, GastrointestinalUpper Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage DDX, hemorrhage, GI
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurology, RadiologyVentriculomegaly DDX, hydrocephalus, CT head
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, CardiologyVT, VF, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Neurology, MusculoskeletalWasting of the small muscles of the hand
ICU, EMDifferential diagnosis, Endocrine, Oncology, Psychiatry, Infectious diseasesWeight loss

References and resources

Numerous resources and references, in addition to those listed at the end of each page, were particularly useful in creating the compendium.

Lifeinthefastlane.com

FOAM and web-based resources

Textbooks

Contributors to the CCC

  • Alex Psirides FCICM
  • Cameron Knott FCICM
  • Chris Nickson FACEM FCICM
  • Chris Poynter FANZCA FCICM
  • David Tripp FRACP FCICM
  • Esti Blazquez FANZCA FCICM
  • James Hayes FACEM
  • Jeremy Fernando FANZCA FCICM
  • Maurice Le Guen
  • Oliver Flower FCICM
  • Paul Davies FANZCA
  • Paul Young FCICM
  • Sarah Yong
  • Sabine Pecher FCICM
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